Double-quote the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a magazine, book, brochure, or report. These elements should be included within the text itself and not attached to the page edge.
Examples: The article titled "Public Relations: A History" can be cited this way: Public relations (PR) is the activity of creating favorable public perception of an organization or individual. It involves the planning and execution of activities that aim to achieve this goal. PR practitioners work with clients to develop communication strategies that build goodwill and promote relationships with stakeholders.
You can also include the URL for the article within your text if you want to reference it specifically. In that case, replace the word "title" with the word "url" and add the required angle brackets. For example: Visit The American Psychological Association for more information on psychological science.
If the source is self-contained and independent, italicize the title. Italicizes the titles of books, plays, films, magazines, databases, and websites. If the source is part of a larger work, put the title in quotation marks. Articles, articles, chapters, poems, websites, songs, and speeches are all surrounded by quote marks. End quotes with a punctuation mark, space, or new sentence.
Article, episode, interview, song, and other titles should be in quotations. Italicize book, scholarly journal, periodical, film, video, television show, and microfilm publishing names in APA. Articles, webpages, songs, episodes, and so forth do not require quotation marks or italics.
In English-language publications, the title of an article is usually placed within parentheses at the end of it. This is true for articles published in academic journals as well as those written for popular audiences. If the article is very short, then there is no need for parenthetical citations; if it is longer, then each additional sentence or phrase that follows the initial one requires its own citation. For example: "The cat sat on the mat." No parenthesis are needed around this sentence because it is only one word. However, "The cat sat on the mat (and then jumped off)" would require a citation since this is now a two-sentence excerpt.
Titles of books, plays, films, and other forms of literature can also be put in quotation marks when they are quoted within the text. Here, the title of the book is quoted along with the passage that follows. No parenthesis are needed around these sentences because they are both words.
Begin with the author's last name and first initials, followed by the publishing date in parenthesis. Provide the article's title, but just capitalize the first letter of the title. Following that, italicize the journal or periodical name and volume number, followed by the issue number in parentheses. Finish with the page numbers on which the article appears.
A basic rule of thumb is to italicize the titles of full works inside the body of a paper, but to use quotation marks around the titles of portions within a complete work. The standards for titles on an APA-style reference page are slightly different. You should put the full title in quotes, followed by a comma and then the subtitle without quotes. The subtitle should be defined as a short phrase or term that describes the topic being discussed in the body of the article.
In an APA document, write the name of a publication or magazine as follows:
In the text and on the last page of references, do not italicize APA citations for web page titles. Only include capital letters at the beginning of the title, each proper noun, and the first word in the subtitle for complete references on the final page of the project.
The basic structure for citing journal articles