Cite the first few words (typically the title) and the year of the reference item. Double-quote the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a magazine, book, brochure, or report. This is an adaptation of the book Study Guide (2000) or "Reading," 1999. It is assumed that the reader knows nothing about the topic.
To begin with, I would like to thank my family for their support during this project. They had no idea what I was going to write about, but they always gave me hope when I needed it most. My father has been very encouraging throughout this process, as he has been through several of his own books. He always helped me understand how words and phrases are used in a particular context, which has been extremely useful for me. My mother has been there for all of my research trips - some of which lasted for over a month at a time! - and has never complained once. I can't forget to mention my husband, who not only puts up with all of my crazy ideas but also helps me turn them into actual papers. He has been my biggest supporter and always gives me hope when I need it most.
Finally, I would like to thank you, the reader, for having an interest in my work. To be honest, I wasn't sure if anyone would be interested in reading about the history of books, but I have been greatly encouraged by all of your comments.
It does not include information about articles in journals or newspapers.
Reference lists are at the end of books and articles. They consist of authors' names, year published, titles of books/periodicals, pages numbers, and institutions where research materials can be found. For example, if you are referencing a page in an article, you would list it as follows: Miller, J., & Milgram, S. (1994). Does intense treatment work for all patients? A review of the psychotherapy literature. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 809-826.
You should also include the name of the journal if you can obtain it. For example, if the article was published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, then you would list that as well. Most libraries have access to several major psychology journals. You should check with your librarian to see what options are available to you.
Finally, avoid using footnotes or endnotes as reference lists. These items are necessary for books and articles you are citing, not others.
In conclusion, references are important parts of any paper.
Author Unknown If the work does not have an author, reference it in the signal phrase by its title or use the first word or two in the parenthesis. The titles of books and reports are italicized, while the titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are surrounded by quotation marks. Author Unkown.
If you know the author's name but cannot find it in the bibliography, check the reference list of another work by the same author. If there is no other work, then cite the book with a general descriptor instead of its specific title. For example, if the book is titled A History of Art, then reference it as "the work by Author Name" rather than by its specific title. If there is no other work by the same author, then cite the book as "the only available work on the subject."
If the book has no author listed, then it is necessary to provide a signal phrase to indicate as much in the text of your paper. Possible signals include: "According to...," "It can be assumed that...", "There is evidence that...," "It is known that...," "It has been suggested that...," "It has been claimed that...," and so forth.
In addition to the title, authors also need to be cited by name within the text of the paper. This is especially important for writers who use anonymous sources.
If there is no author or editor listed for a book, begin the citation with the title, followed by the year of publication in round brackets. If an author is also the publisher, use the word "author" instead of the publisher's name. For example, a book called The Author's Edition would be cited as (Taylor & Francis, 2007).
If you are writing a paper that includes references to articles that were published in journals that have since gone out of business, use the nomenclature adopted by the late journal- which is the last name of the previous editor-author combination followed by "ed." and then the first name of the current editor. For example, an article by Taylor and Francis in The Journal of Studies on Alcoholism would be cited as (Taylor and Francis, 2007).
If you are writing a paper that includes references to books that have been written by individuals who did not publish them themselves, use the nomenclature adopted by publishers at the time the work was published. For example, a book by Thomas Jefferson would be cited as (Thomas Jefferson, 1820).
If you are writing a paper that includes references to websites, give the date of publication as well as the URL. Use the word "web" before "site" to indicate that you are referring to a website.