Figures and tables are numbered sequentially in the text, beginning with 1. Make care to separate the numbers for figures and tables. When referring to a specific table or figure developed in your text, capitalize the "t" in "table" and the "f" in "figure."
In this example, "Figure 1" would refer to the first figure in the list of figures that follows the sentence (see also "Figure 2" and so on). Figures should be inserted after they have been cited in the text. If an image cannot be placed in the text, use a footnote or endnote instead. Include the figure number at the bottom of the page near where it is referenced in the text.
Figures can be included in the narrative of your essay by identifying them in your work as you go. For example, if you were writing about museums, you could include photographs or drawings to help explain your ideas. You could even make your own using tools such as Microsoft Paint!
As you write, think about what matters most to you in this essay and how you might be able to illustrate those concepts through images. Do not feel like you need to include every single fact about figures in your essay. Instead, choose one or two topics that will help clarify things for your readers and then focus on those topics while including relevant details along the way.
All figures and tables must be referenced in the text by their number (a "callout"). Use neither "the table above" nor "the figure below" to refer to the table or figure. Assign table/figure # in the sequence in which it appears in your document, numbered consecutively—not the figure # allocated to it in its originating resource.
The best way to reference a specific figure is to use its index. There are two types of indexes: numeric and alphabetic. To create a numeric index, start with 1 and increase the number each time you refer to a new figure. For example, if you have four figures in your document, use FIGURE #1, FIGURE #2, FIGURE #3, and FIGURE #4 as references. If one of these figures is missing, then the reader will know where to find it because it will be described as "FIGURE #5." Even if there are five figures in your document, use only four numbers because you can't have more than four figures in any single image. Authors often confuse callouts by using letters for both the figure and its corresponding reference number. This is incorrect; only use letters for reference numbers.
To create an alphabetic index, start with A-Z and work your way through the entire document, referencing figures as you go. This method is recommended when you need to refer to many figures because it saves time compared to numbering them all consecutively.
Refer to a table or figure in text by its number, such as "Table 3" or "Figure 2." Do not refer to it by its location within the text (e.g., "the figure below") or by its page number (e.g., "the table on page 12"); these will change when your document is typeset, presuming you are writing a draft. Use descriptive headings instead.
If there is no description available for the figure, it's better to leave it unnamed than to use generic labels such as "table" or "chart". The latter may help readers if they have information on the subject but cannot find it otherwise, while the former will at least give them something to go on. You can identify figures later in the text through cross-references or endnotes.
It's also acceptable to include an abstract with the figure caption. If applicable, put this under the same heading as the figure.
See also our guide to how to reference figures and tables.
Figures are visuals that have been drawn or photographed, whereas tables are collections of numbers and text. If you use many visuals in your essay, number them sequentially both inside a relevant paragraph of text and within the caption. You can also include a table in a diagram. Figures and diagrams help readers understand important concepts or ideas in your writing.
A figure is used to describe any image or drawing that helps explain or develop an idea or concept. Figures can be used in place of charts or graphs to demonstrate information. They are also useful for illustrating facts or statistics regarding a topic.
Figure drawings or photographs are called illustrations. Illustrations add interest and clarity to written works such as essays and reports. They help readers understand difficult language or concepts by making them more visible. For example, if you were writing about the different types of animals on Earth, a picture of each type of animal would be an illustration because it would make understanding these ideas easier.
Words cannot express what colors mean to people, so artists have always been inspired to create new ones. The same goes for writers who try to describe how flowers look like, or what figures represent. In his essay "On Beauty", Alexander Pope described the allure of beauty as "a power which no words can convey". He went on to say that "the mind through pictures entertains"
What I Need to Know:
Tables, Figures, and Illustrations Lists
Make careful to employ font styles while creating your list of statistics to save time.... Catalogue of Figures
Figures should always come after the paragraph in which they are first mentioned. A figure paragraph contains details about the figure: where it is located, who is depicted, when and why they were drawn, etc.
These details help readers understand the significance of the figure and provide context for later references to it. Figures can be included in many types of paragraphs, but they are usually placed at the end of the article or section because they contain additional information that precedes later references to them. For example, if there is a figure caption, there will be a reference to it later in the text. The figcaption tag is used to mark up figure captions in HTML documents.
Figure paragraphs cannot be omitted without leaving a gap in the text. Although figures are often described as "inserted objects" because they can be represented by images or drawings, they also consist of symbols, labels, and other elements whose role in the narrative requires specific treatment.
The basic form of a figure paragraph is presented below. However only some types of figures require complete sentences; others can simply be quoted using single or double quotes from the text. Figure paragraphs follow the same general rules as other paragraphs except that they cannot include full-blown arguments.