Begin with the author's last name and first initials, followed by the publishing date in parenthesis. Provide the article's title, but capitalize just the first letter of the title. Following that, italicize the journal or periodical name and volume number, followed by the issue number in parentheses. Finish with the city and state where the work was published.
This is an abstract entry method for writing papers in academic journals. The purpose of this sample entry is to provide students with a basic idea of how to introduce an article in APA format.
The standard style for citing journal articles.
An article published in a magazine Cite the piece by including the author's name, putting the title of the article in quotation marks, and italicizing the journal title. The publishing date is set for the next week. Remember to shorten the month.
The structure is as follows: Last name and initials of the editor (Ed.). (Year). Subtitle if included in anthology title (Volume number if applicable). Publisher's address is: Publisher. City, State, Country. Internet addresses are also cited in the reference list using the same format as for web sites.
Example: Schober, Michael E. (2009). The APA Handbook. New York: Columbia University Press.
If you are citing multiple pieces of work by the same author, it is necessary to distinguish them by adding in parentheses after the first citation: (article here), (book there), etc.
For example, if you were referencing both an article and a book by Robert Frost, your reference would look like this: Edwards, John (1995). Robert Frost: A Collection of Critical Essays. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co. Inc. (volume number).
It is acceptable to use the word "an" before the term "anthology" to indicate that more than one piece of work is being referenced by your source. For example, if you were referencing both an article and a book by Robert Frost, you could write: Edwards, John (1995).
If there is no author or editor listed for a book, begin the citation with the title, followed by the year of publication in round brackets. If an author is also the publisher, use the word "author" instead of the publisher's name. For example, a book called Psychology: Theory and Research would be cited as "Psychology: Theory and Research (1960)".
For articles that were published in journals with no author list, you must provide a citation with the journal title and volume number in parentheses following the year of publication. An example would be "Psychology (1940)". Some databases have fields where you can enter these types of citations. In other cases, you will need to include them in the reference list of your paper.
You should not include page numbers when citing articles or books. This is because some papers are split into several pages, and even books have different chapters. Therefore, reading through an entire article or book would not be possible without also viewing its table of contents or index. When citing articles, simply refer to the relevant section or figure rather than page numbers.
Articles that have been presented as lectures often do not include page numbers. You can still cite these articles using the above methods if you know the speaker's name. Otherwise, you will need to provide a brief description of the topic being discussed in order to identify it in an audience presentation.
Include the name of the editor of the book in which the extract was reproduced. List the title of the book that contains the republished extract. Make sure the title is italicized. In brackets, list the pages where the extract occurs.
Journal, magazine, and newspaper titles should be italicized. Article titles should not be italicized. Only capitalize the initial letter of the article title's first word. All other words should be lowercase.
In APA style, all journal, magazine, and newspaper titles are set in italics. This is true even if they are only part time publications or if they are actually called "The" something else (such as "The Journal of Some Company"). The exception to this rule is when they are referred to by their full name (i.e., not just "a journal" or "a newspaper"), in which case they should be presented in roman typeface. For example, write about "John Doe's Report on Nancy Reagan's Dress". Not "Mr. Doe's Report", nor "Doe's Report".
All chapter titles in books should be set in italics. These titles serve as indices to specific parts of the book. They are usually derived from the contents page. For example, write about "John Doe's Report on Nancy Reagan's Dress: An Analysis for Social Scientists".
All section headings in essays and articles should be set in italics. These titles indicate what topic each section covers.
Double-quote the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a magazine, book, brochure, or report. These are known as parenthetical citations.