Begin the quotation on a new line, with the full quotation indented 1/2 inch from the left margin and double spaced. Your parenthetical citation should come after the final period. Maintain the original line breaks when citing verse. Include page numbers for your quotes. Use footnotes if necessary.
An exact quote should be in quotation marks (""), or a block quotation should be used if the quotation is 40 words or more. Then, just after the quotation, you include an In-Text Citation to identify where the quote originated from.
To cite a specific quotation from a play in MLA format, enclose the quotation in quotation marks (using slashes to denote line breaks) and follow with a parenthetical citation of the author, title of play, and page/act (for prose plays) or act/scene/line (s).
Examples: "To be or not to be... that is the question." William Shakespeare. Hamlet, scene 2, line 145.
"He's the kind of man who would try to kill a mockingbird." Harper Lee. To Kill A Mockingbird, page 87.
Quotes can also be cited in essays using endnotes. Endnotes are supplemental citations that can be referenced by number within the text of the essay or research paper. Using endnotes allows writers to distinguish their own interpretations of events from those of other authors. They can also point readers to sources where they can find further information on a topic.
In your essay, you may want to reference one or more of these forms of evidence to support your argument or claim.
Primary documents include statutes, constitutions, official letters, reports, papers, speeches, and other materials created by individuals involved in important events. Examples include letters written by Abraham Lincoln or Martin Luther King Jr., journals kept by pioneers, or contracts signed by Thomas Jefferson.
Direct quotations are often used in the midst of a paragraph. Use quotation marks at the beginning and end of each quote, use the exact words from the original text, and identify your source, otherwise your work may be deemed plagiarism. Quoting someone directly means that you are presenting their words as your own. You can only do this if you have permission from the copyright owner to reproduce their words.
To write a direct quote, start with the word "quote" followed by a double quotation mark (""). Then follow the same formatting rules for quotes that we discussed earlier. End with a single quotation mark. For example: "The dog is man's best friend" - Abraham Lincoln
Now let's look at some examples of how quotes are used in writing:
Lincoln said, "The dog is man's best friend." Using this quote, we can see that Lincoln was not only a great president but also a humorist. He was able to find time during his busy schedule to make light of something serious.
Lincoln said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand." This quote expresses Lincoln's belief that our country was founded on certain ideals and since he believed that it was important for these ideals to live on after his death, he expressed this belief through a poem.
To cite a critic or researcher, use an introduction statement that includes the source's name, followed by a comma. It is important to note that the first letter following the quote marks should be capitalized. If you alter the case of a letter from the original, you must use brackets to indicate this, according to MLA requirements.
For example, if the source was John Quincy Adams, then your introduction would read: "John Quincy Adams states that..." If you were to omit the punctuation, then it would be interpreted as two separate quotes with different sources. This is not acceptable according to MLA guidelines.
Bracketed quotations are used to introduce a series of sentences as one indivisible unit. The basic form for a bracketed quotation is (source).
It is important to distinguish between footnotes and endnotes. Endnotes are referenced using numbers and placed at the end of the page while footnotes are referenced using letters and placed at the bottom of the page. Generally, only use footnotes when referencing material that does not fit into the main body of the essay.
Footnotes can be used to reference books, articles, and web pages. They should be cited in the order they are used within the text. For example, if you were to refer to page 5 of your book and also in your footnote, then you would put "see page 5" as the reference.
While there are several techniques to creating opening paragraphs, you could wish to start your essay with a quotation. Introduce the quotation correctly.