In an APA reference list, each citation is listed alphabetically by the author's last name (surname). APA uses a letter-by-letter arrangement, thus A comes before B, and so on. When there are many writers with the same last name, you use the first and middle initials. For example, Ford J, Johnson K, and Jones T would be referenced as Ford & Johnson et al. (2009).
It is important to note that when listing references in an academic paper, the title of the work being cited appears after the author's name. So, in the example above, the title would read "Ford J, Johnson K, and Jones T (2009) Reviewing references."
Also note that when citing a book, it is customary to include the name of the publisher along with the publication date. For example, if you were to cite The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss, it would look like this: Dr. Seuss (1961).
Finally, when referencing a journal article, it is necessary to provide its volume number along with its year of publication. For example, if you were to cite An Analysis of Behavioral Issues in Dogs, it would look like this: Vol. 32, no. 1 (January 2009).
To create a bibliography or reference list, start with the main text of your paper.
In APA, your reference list is always organized alphabetically based on the first piece of information that differs. If you have more than one author, look at the initial author for each book you're mentioning. If the same author's work appears in multiple books, place it in the reference list under the appropriate title.
For example, if you were citing two articles by John Doe, the reference list would look like this: Doe, J. (2017). My favorite thing about writing citations is knowing I'm helping others learn about great writers from years past. San Francisco Chronicle, June 13th. Retrieved from www.sfchronicle.com.
The fact that these articles were published in different years does not matter; the reference list should be sorted alphabetically. In this case, since the articles were written by the same person, they can be placed in the reference list under his or her name.
Note that if you were citing a collection of essays by John Doe, the reference list would look differently because there are now multiple authors involved. It would look like this: Doe, J.
Yes, an APA reference page is alphabetized by the author's last name. When there are many writers with the same last name, they are alphabetized by the first or middle initial. Use the publication year when you have numerous sources by the same author. For example, Charles Darwin published several books over a twenty-year period.
Order of the Reference List
Order of the Reference List In the reference list, works are listed alphabetically by the first word of the reference list item. Arrange the entries alphabetically by the first author's surname, followed by the author's given name initials (s). For example: Smith, J. Q. Public Library User's Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995.
The reference list should be printed on a separate sheet or page. Use punctuation to mark the end of each entry in the reference list (including articles and books cited within reviews and articles). Avoid ending entries with periods or full stops; these indicate that the mentioned work is relevant to the paper and should therefore be included in the bibliography.
References should be listed in numerical order corresponding to the page number on which they appear. That is, refer to page 4 of 9 instead of using the word "page" after the number 4. This ensures that all referred to material is included in the bibliography.
To facilitate reading, it is helpful if the reference list is divided into sections for different types of works, for example, primary sources such as books, journals, and magazines, and secondary sources such as essays and reviews. The division can be based on subject matter or by type of source (for example, government documents only).