Place quotes longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse in a free-standing block of text and avoid quotation marks. Begin the quotation on a new line, with the full quotation indented 1/2 inch from the left margin and double-spaced. End the quotation with another full stop followed by a blank line.
Prolonged quotations (block quotes) Omit quotation marks and place direct quotations longer than 40 words in a free-standing block of typewritten lines. Begin the citation on a new line, five spaces in from the left margin. You can also cite multiple passages on one page by using several block quotes.
More than four lines of cited text constitute a lengthy quotation. After the beginning to the quotation, add a comma and indent the entire quotation one inch from the left side. These quotations can be single- or double-spaced and should not include quotation marks unless they appear in the original text. Longer quotations can also be identified by using italics for the first word or phrase on each new page. These should be followed by a full stop.
Make a Prose Block Quote in Chicago/Turabian style.
Begin the quotation on a new line, with the full quotation indented an inch from the left margin and double-spaced. Your parenthetical citation should come after the final period. Maintain the original line breaks when citing verse. (You should double space throughout your essay.)
An easy way to quote within a sentence is by using quotation marks. Put the word DOUBLE between single quotes to indicate that you want two copies of this word.
To quote a whole paragraph, put the beginning punctuation mark (full stop for a written work, or semicolon for an audio recording) at the start of the paragraph and follow it with the quotation marks you used for the preceding sentence.
Finally, if you are quoting from another source, include the reference in parentheses after the quoted text. This allows readers to find other works by the same author or editor without having to search through all your work. You should also include the page number for each piece of quoted material so readers can find them easily.
References provide proof for your assertions and add weight to your arguments. Including references not only shows that you have done some research on your topic, but it also increases your article's readability for others.
Generally, references fall into three categories: primary sources, secondary sources, and dictionaries.
To cite a specific sentence or excerpt from a work, start with the word "where," followed by the page number or reference ID for the sentence or text you are using. For example, to cite the first sentence of this paragraph, you would type "where 1:4" (omitting the hyphens). To cite the entire paragraph, then, you would type "where 1:4-6."
It is important to note that when you use these page numbers to cite passages from different works, they will be different references. Be sure to distinguish clearly between the names of the authors of different works.
Here are some other examples: "where 96-100 describes eye color" or "where 2:7 says blondes have more fun".
When referencing multiple sentences within the same work, use commas to separate them. For example, "where 10:56 says both men and women enjoy reading fiction about love stories between strangers, 28:37 explains that romance is not just a feeling but also an action".
Citing a single word or phrase requires only two steps.