In-text citations feature the author's last name followed by a page number in parentheses. Here's Smith's exact quote: (p. 8). If the author's name is not mentioned, use the title's initial word or words. Use the same formatting as in the works referenced list, including quotation marks. For example: "The dog was bred for war," he said.
Begin the quote with a signal phrase that contains the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses, and conclude with the page number. The citation is part of the sentence, and the punctuation will follow it. For example: John F. Kennedy said, "Let us never negotiate out of fear."
You can also begin with another citation: "John F. Kennedy said, 'Americanism is not an empty slogan. It is a way of life.' " Here the author's name comes first, but because he is such a prominent figure, only his initials are needed: JFK.
If the quotation is very long, break it into several sentences for clarity. Use a separate paragraph for each one. A simple way to do this is by inserting blank lines so they can be clearly seen when reading the text. For example: "I am grateful for this opportunity to speak before you today. I want to take this chance to talk about my vision for America. First, I believe that our country needs to restore honesty to government."
Now let's put our quotation into practice by adding some real life! Open your document again. This time, instead of typing directly into the document, copy and paste the following text into a new document (or one of your existing ones).
The MLA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived (Smith 163). If the source does not utilize page numbers, omit the number from the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
In-text citation in MLA style is done using the author-page technique. This implies that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived must be included in the text, and a complete citation must be included on your Works Cited page.
In other words, you should write quotes within the body of your essay, followed by a list of reference materials including page numbers for more information.
This is how you would format a quote used in an essay: In-text citation (author-page). The following example shows how this looks when applied to real life: Martin Luther King Jr., "I Have A Dream", in A VISION OF THE AMERICAN DREAM: A Collection Of Speeches By And About Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., ed. James M. Washington (New York: Harper & Row, 1966), pp. 103-104. This is how it should look: Martin Luther King Jr. argued that America had a dream that all men could live together in peace and harmony. In his "I Have A Dream" speech, he said that this dream was not too high a goal to strive for. He went on to say that it was possible because we have never been given anything less than a fair chance at life. Thus, quoting someone's work does not necessarily mean copying it word for word; instead, you can summarize the main ideas in a concise way.
An exact quote should be in quotation marks (""), or a block quotation should be used if the quotation is 40 words or more. Then, just after the quotation, you include an In-Text Citation to identify where the quote originated from.
If you are directly quoting from a work, give the author's name, the year it was published, and the page number in the reference (preceded by "p."). Begin the quotation with a signal phrase that contains the author's last name, followed by the publication date in parentheses. (For example: "John Smith wrote...") Then provide the actual quotation. End the quotation with a second signal phrase containing only the author's last name.
For studies conducted by other researchers, see below. For studies conducted by you as an undergraduate or graduate student, see our website.
Studies are useful because they summarize what others have found out about how things work. So, when writing about studies that other people have done, be sure to cite them! You should use journals as your main source of information, because they will provide complete and accurate references for each study they publish. However, if there is no journal that will publish your article, then consider using the Internet as your source of information. Be sure to include any online sources you used as well as any mailing lists that might contain further discussion of the topic. Finally, if there is no electronic copy available, contact the study's author and ask them for permission to use their work.
When utilizing a direct quote from a source, provide the author's family name, the year of publication, and the page number in round brackets, and surround the direct quote with single quotation marks. The author's name might also be used elsewhere in the phrase. For example: "George Washington said to always tell the truth but lie about your age."
All unattributed quotes, statements, or excerpts should be removed from your manuscript before it is submitted for review. Please see our plagiarism policy for more information.
If you are including a quote in an essay or paper, please cite the source page using academic standards.
The initial word of the Works Cited item must always agree with the in-text reference. This is normally the title in italics for movie citations. If the title is more than a few words lengthy, cut it down to the first word or phrase. Instead of a page number, include the time period of the section you're quoting or referencing. For example, instead of writing "100 pages long", write "longer than 100 pages".
Use quotation marks around any words that are spoken by one character and answered by another. These include quotations within quotations such as when someone asks "Quotations?" and then answers their own question. Also include quotations when referring to letters, emails, or other forms of communication such as "I'm sorry I didn't get back to you about that project yet" or "Can I quote you on that?".
Movies are often referred to by name rather than by number or title. For example, instead of saying "Give me the book on page 23", say "Give me the scene where Tom Sawyer and Becky Thatcher fall in love".
Sometimes movies are also referenced by actor rather than by role. For example, instead of saying "Find Fred Astaire anywhere!", say "Look for Fred Astaire while he's dancing".
Finally, movies can be referenced by writer/director/producer/other.