If you are merely citing a portion of a sentence, do not start the quotation with a capital letter. Aretha Franklin, he noted, is a "strong and well respected" R&B vocalist. If a statement is stopped in the midst, the second half should not be capitalized. Capitalization is necessary only when the sentence is complete.
A quote can be divided into two parts based on who uttered it. You must assess if the second part is a complete sentence. If the second half of the quote is a continuation, don't use a capital. If the second half is a sentence in its own right, capitalize it. For example: "I wouldn't give up meat for any other food — not even potatoes," said George Bernard Shaw.
All good quotes have two elements: thought and language. The thought part of the quote should capture something about life that we need to learn or remember. The language part uses words and phrases that are special because they express this thought well. For example: "Be patient with everyone else's stupidity but don't be stupid yourself." This quote by Albert Einstein is both thought and language. It expresses something important about life that we should all keep in mind and use when talking with others.
Einstein also said, "It is difficult to understand how a person could love anything or anyone more than himself. Only people without hearts could do such things." This part of the quote is language rather than thought. It tells us how unusual it is to find someone who loves themselves more than anyone or anything else.
Finally, here is another quote from Einstein that can be broken down similarly: "In science, truth emerges through discussion and debate.
However, if the quote occurs after a verb, regardless of the case used in the source, uppercase the initial letter—but mark any changes you make.
.... I start with a statement that says something like, "We were exhausted and angry, but we persevered," and then I go on... The fragment guideline is recommended by the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): If the mid-sentence quote is a whole sentence, uppercase the first letter; otherwise, lowercase the first letter. In other words, follow the rule of capitalization based on sentence structure.
At the beginning or conclusion of a direct quotation, use ellipsis points (except in rare instances). Insert a space between the ellipsis points. To make a quote say something other than what the author meant, use ellipses. This can be done by inserting three period characters (...) or three full stops (...). These symbols are called "ellipses".
Even if preceded by a backslash, a single quotation may not appear between single quotes. Steve B's 24 Responses