When beginning a quotation with a full sentence, always use a colon at the conclusion of the introductory sentence. When introducing a quotation with an unfinished sentence, a comma is frequently included after the introductory phrase. However, when the sentence being quoted is very short, a period may be used instead.
"Quotation" is a full phrase. Use a colon (:) directly before the quotation if you use a whole phrase to introduce it.
Including Quotations in Sentences
Including Quotations in Sentences Begin the quotation with a full sentence and a colon. A comma should be used to separate an introduction or explanatory phrase from the quotation. Make the citation part of your own statement, with no space between your own words and the words you're quoting. This shows respect for others and yourself.
When you quote someone, be sure to give them credit by including their name. If it's not given, then you shouldn't use it. Also, try not to copy and paste quotes. Make sure they are your own words by using proper grammar and punctuation.
Lastly, include a source in your essay or paper. This shows that you have done some research on your topic and provides credibility for your work.
More than four lines of cited text constitute a lengthy quotation. After the beginning to the quotation, add a comma and indent the entire quotation one inch from the left side. These quotations can be single- or double-spaced and should not include quotation marks unless they appear in the original text. Longer quotations can also be identified by using italics for the first word or phrase on each new line within the quotation.
Leave a blank line before and after the quotation and indent it from the left margin. Use no quotation marks. Introduce the quotation using your own words, followed by a colon (if you have written a complete sentence) or a comma (if you use a phrase like 'according to 'together with the author's name). Then follow the quotation with another complete sentence.
Here is an example of a quotation that can be quoted: "Reading is fundamental to learning." This sentence comes from a book called Learning to Read Goodly Well. It was written by David Wardlaw Williams and published in 1872.
Quotes can also be attributed directly to people. In this case, they should be included in paraphrasing rather than quoting. Paraphrasing takes the original text and changes some parts of it while keeping the meaning intact. For example, "Reading is fundamental to learning" could be rewritten as "Learning to read goodly well is essential for students to succeed." Both sentences mean the same thing but include different details about reading and learning.
Finally, quotes can also be used as epigrams or aphorisms. An epigram is a short witty saying or sentence that makes a point. While an aphorism is a long witty saying or sentence that makes a point. Epigrams and aphorisms are commonly used in poetry but can be found elsewhere in literature too.
It is generally not a good idea to start or conclude your introduction paragraph with a quotation. By relying on someone else's words so early in the paper, you undermine your case. If you must quote in the opening paragraph, keep it brief and to the point. Even if you are writing about a famous person, it is best not to use a long quotation.
Introduction paragraphs that contain quotations are often longer than others. This is because a good introduction paragraph should always get to the point quickly while still giving enough information for the reader to understand the topic. So even though you can start your introduction with a quotation, we recommend you only do so if it gets to the point quickly and effectively without being too lengthy.
If you are just listing quoted items, such as those on a computer menu, the commas should be placed outside the quotes. The method I learnt, which is not the only correct one, is to include commas and full stops (periods) within quotation marks even if they were not there in the original section being quoted. So, for example, if I was listing some options on a menu and one of them was "Eggs, bacon, sausage...", I would put the commas inside the quotes because they were not present in the original sentence.
Lists of quotes can be quite long. When quoting more than one line of text, use proper paragraph breaks so that it is easy to read through the entire list. For example: "John Adams said, 'America is not a country, America is an idea.' Thomas Jefferson replied, 'America is an indestructible nation, founded on principles of freedom and independence.' When John Quincy Adams tried to explain this to the British ambassador, he was told that his father's statement was "not very intelligible. "' After these two lines we need a proper paragraph break so that we don't run out of space before getting to John F. Kennedy's response - which was indeed "very intelligible"'.