Cite the first few words (typically the title) and the year of the reference item. Double-quote the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a magazine, book, brochure, or report. Examples include the book Study Guide (2000) and ("Reading," 1999).
Book references should include the following:
Source titles in MLA format are italicized or surrounded by quotation marks:
When citing a summary of a work in MLA style, you should normally specify the name of the work and its author in your text and include the work in your works-cited list. The author's name in your sentence will guide the reader to the entry in the works-cited list.
In academic essays and research papers, it is common to refer to other people's ideas or findings by quoting them directly or indirectly. This is called "attribution" and it is required when writing about others' concepts or ideas. Attributing someone else's work shows that you have read their paper and understand what they did and why they did it. It also allows others to seek credit for their work if they want to.
When you are referencing a book report, essay, or article, follow the same process as above with one exception: instead of referring to someone's idea or finding, mention the book or article's title. Then provide a short summary of the book or article within your own words. This tells readers that you have found something useful and would like them to check out the source too if they are interested.
References are pointers to information outside of the current document. They are usually cited using the author's last name and date of publication followed by the word "see", then the reference number.
For the title of an article, chapter, or web page, use double quotation marks. Italicize the title of a magazine, book, pamphlet, or report. There are two or more authors: Use the word and throughout the text. Use the & sign if the authors' names are included in parentheses. Otherwise, no period at the end of this sentence.
Magazines are often short, so keep the citation simple and to the point. If you have time, however, there are several ways to format the reference. You can use footnotes, endnotes, or both. Endnotes are used when referencing multiple articles by the same author or journal issue. In that case, give each article a number in order of appearance, such as 1, 2, or A, B, C. Footnotes are used when referring to one particular article within these boundaries. In that case, use the number of the article with the footnote statement. For example, article 1 is found on page 5 of the journal. So, you would refer to it as "article 1 on page 5" or "1:5." Both footnotes and endnotes look like this: Article 1: The author's name here. Publication information: The publisher's name goes here. Endnote/footnote style varies depending on software but generally looks like this: © Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.
In other words, a title that is italicized in the body of a document will likewise be italicized on the reference page. A title that would be italicized and quoted in the body of the document (such as the title of an article in a journal) will be written without italics and quotation marks on the references page.
The author's last name, the year, and (if applicable) a page number are all included in the APA in-text citation for a book. Basic book citation style
|Format||Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title (Editor/translator initials, Last name, Ed. or Trans.) (Edition). Publisher.|
|In-text citation||(Anderson, 1983, p. 23)|
Citing sources that do not have an author If the source title is more than four words long, cut it down to the first word or phrase in the in-text reference, eliminating any articles (a, an, and the). The shorter title should begin with the term used to alphabetize the source in the Works Cited. If there is no short form for the source, use the full title as an in-text citation.