Only the sources you actually read will be listed on your references page; in this example, Chan.
To quote a source, the quoted content must be surrounded by quotation marks or styled as a block quote. The original author is properly credited. The wording is exactly the same as the original. Quotes in blocks.
|Citation style||When to block quote|
|APA||Quotes longer than 40 words|
In APA style, how do I cite a straight quotation from a website? When using a direct quotation in text, be sure to include the author, date of publication, and page number (or paragraph number and/or section header if there are no page numbers). As an example, a citation for a direct quotation on the Harvard University website would look like this: "From the Web site of Harvard University: 'The study of history is the best way to understand the present and predict the future.' - Louis Hartz," written by Louis Hartz. There are several ways to reference a direct quotation used in a paper.
If you are citing more than one source for a single idea or concept, list them all with each source's title and author included. For example, if you found two sources that mentioned that studying history helps us understand current events today, your reference list might look like this: "History book 1" and "History book 2." Both books say that studying history helps us understand current events today, so they should both appear in your bibliography. If you find multiple sources that quote the same thing but from different perspectives, try to select one and give more weight to older sources. For example, if a historian and a journalist quote the same thing but from their respective perspectives, it may help your essay to select one voice and follow it throughout the document.
It is acceptable to use quotes in your references, as long as they are identified.
Every in-text citation in your article must be accompanied by a comparable item in your reference list. The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). Indent the first line of a quotation.
For endnotes rather than citations, replace each footnote number with a corresponding asterisk (*) followed by the appropriate amount of space into which it should fall. Endnotes are notes written at the end of your paper that provide additional information about the material cited in it. They are not included in the bibliography because they are not considered part of the main body of the work.
In references that include books, periodicals, newspapers, online resources, and dissertations, use proper names for authors and titles when possible. Use full names for people who have the same surname; only use initials for individuals who have different surnames. You can also use abbreviations instead of full names if you wish, but they must be defined at first mention. For example, Charles Darwin could be referred to as CD or C. Darwin.
For journals, use the volume number plus the issue number (if applicable). If there is no issue number, just use "1". For magazines, use the month and year of publication; for example, "Science" in January 1993 would be published in Science Vol. 261, No.
In APA, you must give the author's last name, the year, and a page number, all separated by commas. If the quotation is just on one page, use "p."; if it spans many pages, use "pp." An APA in-text reference might be either parenthetical or narrative in nature. A parenthetical reference comes right after the sentence that contains the citation; a narrative reference goes at the end of the chapter or section it appears in.
For example, if I were referencing a statement made by George Washington, I would write: "After reading several accounts of his life, I found one that particularly struck me as accurate and fair; it was written by George Washington himself. The article titled 'Observations on the Nature of Government' can be found on page 39." In general, any time you find an account of George Washington's life, you can be sure that he has something interesting to say about government.
Here is another example, this time using narrative references: "The first book that I read as a child that had any influence on my life was John Adams's autobiography. I loved everything about it, especially because it was written by someone who was once president, like George Washington. It can be found on page 11." Here I have given both a volume number and page number for my in-text reference. Although not required, it is recommended that you do this whenever possible so that readers will know where to find further information.
The sentence's punctuation comes after the parentheses. Put quotation marks around the cited words if the quote is shorter than forty words. If the author and date are introduced in the sentence as a narrative citation, then include the page number in parentheses at the conclusion of the quote for sources with specific page numbers.
In APA style, how do I cite a straight quotation from a website? When using a direct quotation in text, be sure to include the author, date of publication, and page number (or paragraph number and/or section header if there are no page numbers). As an example,
Pheb 19th, 2021 -.