Reference Structure for Journal Articles Provide the article's title, but just capitalize the first letter of the title. Following that, italicize the journal or periodical name and volume number, followed by the issue number in parentheses. Finally, include the page numbers where you may find the article.
The fundamental structure for referencing journal articles
The fundamentals of a reference A journal article list entry: The author(s) or writers Following the surname are the first initials. The year the article was published. Title of the article (in single inverted commas). Title of the magazine (in italics). A journal's volume The journal's issue number. The article's page range on the website.
The fundamentals of a journal article reference list entry:
Article in a Journal (online)
An article published in a magazine Cite the article by mentioning the author, placing the title in quotation marks, and italicizing the periodic title. The publishing date is then given. Remember to shorten the month. For example, an article called "John Doe was arrested for drug trafficking" would be cited as Blumler et al. ' (1989).
If the article is several pages long, you can break it into multiple references, each including only a portion of the article. These partial citations are known as fragmentary sources. For example, if an article that is three pages long can be divided into three separate one-page sources, this would be a total of four sources used to illustrate the article.
Sources used to build a scholarly article should be identified accurately. If the publisher changes the order of the articles or includes outdated materials, this may affect how much of the original material remains in the compiled work. Therefore, it is important to include complete details about where you got your information from.
Magazines are usually stored on library shelves in groups of issues. Each issue contains all or part of a single publication. To reference an article in a magazine, first look through the front matter of the journal to see if there is an index or table of contents. If so, check to see which issues are included.
Journal article in-text citations carry the same basic information as other in-text citations: the author's last name, publication year, and, if applicable, page number. This information is presented either narratively (as part of the phrase) or in parentheses. For example, (Morris et al. 1995) is a citation that includes page numbers.
The actual process of quoting from a journal article is simple. First, identify the relevant text by reading through the article. Next, search for it using the online search tool at www.google.com. Type your query into the search box and click "Search." A list of results will appear. Select the first result and read its introduction for guidance on how to structure your quotation.
Here are some common errors when quoting from journal articles:
Use of single quotes instead of double quotes: When quoting exactly, use only single quotes. This avoids confusion between a quoted phrase and a run-on sentence. For example, if the quoted material was "John loves Mary," this would be correctly written as 'John loves Mary'. If you wrote "John loves Mary" instead, this would be interpreted as two separate sentences - not what you intended!
Failure to provide end-of-sentence punctuation: Punctuate quotations in papers even if the editor didn't.
A Print Newspaper Article Author's Surname and First Name "Article Title: Subtitle, if any." Name of the newspaper, publication date, and page number. If the author's name is not given, begin the citation with the article's title. 19-Jan-2009, Wall Street Journal, Business Day, Page 1.
Citations for newspapers articles are similar to those for other publications. The full author's name should be used on all citations. Include the city and state or country where the article was published. Use the word "newspaper" as the subject of the citation. The reference list should include only works cited in the body of the paper, not every article ever written by the author. Citing more than three sources in a single work requires a parenthetical note explaining what others said about the same topic. Journalists often combine several sources' observations into one article or column to save space or time.
For example, an article that quotes officials from both the Federal Communications Commission and the National Association of Broadcasters regarding concerns over newspaper cross-ownership might be cited like this: "The FCC says media cross ownership can have negative effects on competition and diversity. The NAB says stronger regulations are needed to prevent a few companies from dominating the market."
Journalists use many different terms for groups of people. An "audience" is another term for reader.