Body—Second Paragraph: This paragraph's theme should be in the first or second sentence. This issue should be related to the thesis statement from the first paragraph. This paragraph's final sentence should feature a transitional hook that connects to the third paragraph of the body. Use relevant examples and statistics to support your argument.
The second paragraph of a body is often called the "discussion" paragraph because this is where you discuss the issues raised by the first paragraph. You can pick up some good writing tips by thinking about what makes for a strong conclusion to a story or article. The same principles apply to essays.
In addition, a strong conclusion will make your reader want to continue reading your essay. If they finish reading it, they'll want to know what happens next! So always end your paragraphs with a question or a statement that leads into the next one; this will keep the reader interested.
For example, if you were discussing how children are influenced by their parents in your first paragraph, then your second paragraph could focus on how children learn different values from their parents. A statistic or two would help make your point more clearly.
Finally, don't forget to use specific language when writing about topics that you've only touched upon in your essay. Your readers need to know what you're talking about, so spell out any new terms or ideas that you feel might confuse them.
The topic sentence (the first line of your body paragraph) brings your viewers to your second example. State the second point in support of the thesis in body paragraph #2. "Music nearly often helps pupils relax in school," for example, may be your topic statement for body #2. Support your claim with evidence from the text.
The thesis statement, which serves as a mini-outline for the paper, should also be included in the first paragraph; it informs the reader about the topic of the essay. The last sentence of this paragraph must also have a transitional "hook" that leads the reader to the first paragraph of the paper's body. This hook could be a question ("Is marriage becoming obsolete? Many commentators believe so."), an opinion expressed by a major figure in the field ("Marriage has always been fragile, but today's couples are often too impatient to realize that they cannot be married forever"), or even a story ("A young woman was eager to marry her love because she did not want to ruin her life by divorcing him.").
The introductory paragraph is also known as the abstract, overview, or introduction section of the essay. This paragraph should contain a clear statement of the main idea(s) of the essay, along with any other information necessary to understand why and how the author will develop this idea throughout the rest of the piece.
Generally, the introductory paragraph should be no longer than one page in length. However, if you have a very large idea to cover on the subject, then consider dividing it into several paragraphs for more clarity during reading.
This is how an outline for this article would look:
The topic sentence (which is always the first phrase in your body paragraph) brings your viewers to your third and final example. It can be a quote, a statistic, a case study, or even an anecdote about someone you know. Whatever it is, make sure it's relevant to your topic and connects all the ideas in your paragraph together.
Here's an example from my recent paper on "The Rise of Social Media" (available here). The first part of this paragraph explains why I chose to write this paper: "In today's world of instant information," I said, "we need evidence that something is true before we believe it." This uses the first-sentence effect to give readers a reason for reading beyond just wanting to complain about Facebook.
The second part of this paragraph talks about how social media has become a crucial part of our daily lives: "From Twitter to Instagram, people are using social networking sites like Facebook, LinkedIn, and Google+ to share their experiences, express themselves, and communicate with others." This uses the 1st-sentence effect again to grab readers' attention and get them interested in what kind of evidence I will provide later in the paper.
The paragraphs that make up the majority of your work are known as body paragraphs. Each body paragraph, like the general structure of the paper, contains an introduction, body, and conclusion. The topic sentence of your paragraph is the focal point of your paragraph. Each subject phrase should be related to your thesis statement in some way. These can be accomplished by using specific language such as "according to..." or by providing evidence from your source material that supports your argument.
The introduction to your paper is used to give the reader context about what will follow and to set the stage for your argument. The introduction should include both factual information and opinions expressed by authors of cited works. This introductory section can vary in length but should be no longer than one page. The body of the paper consists of all the remaining pages of the essay. It should be a concise summary of the main points you made in your introduction without repeating information presented there. The body should also include a conclusion that ties together the ideas introduced in the paper. The conclusion should not simply restate facts or opinions found in the body of the essay; it should instead summarize the main takeaways from your paper.