An opening paragraph, three paragraphs giving facts or arguments, and a conclusion paragraph should comprise a straightforward five-paragraph essay. Even if your essay is more than five paragraphs lengthy, it should still start with an introductory paragraph and finish with a conclusion paragraph. The other paragraphs should be no longer than 3 sentences each.
The first thing to understand about writing an academic essay is that it requires a thesis statement. Without a clear idea of what you are arguing or supporting, writing an essay can be very difficult, if not impossible. Therefore, the first step in writing an academic essay is to decide on its topic. Only after you have a clear idea of what aspect of your subject you would like to discuss can you begin to write about it. This may sound obvious, but many students forget this crucial step.
After deciding on a topic, it's time to plan your essay. Start by making notes about important issues related to your topic. These may include quotes, statistics, examples, questions that need to be answered, etc. As you gather information, organize it into categories - some topics will require several sub-categories. For example, when discussing ideas in a historical context, you might want to divide events into pre-1800s, 1800s-1914, and post-1915 periods. Once you have an overview of the main points you want to make, it's time to draft a rough outline of your essay.
The introduction, body, and conclusion are the three main components (or sections) of an essay. Five paragraphs in a conventional short essay can supply the reader with enough information in a limited amount of space. The introduction should give the reader a sense of what kind of essay this is and why it is important.
The body of the essay shows how well the writer knows his or her subject. The body consists of four paragraphs that provide evidence to support the claims made in the introduction. The conclusion restates the main idea of the essay and provides guidance as to its relevance to today's society.
An academic essay is usually longer than a paper written for school. It may have more than five paragraphs because there is so much material to cover en route to making a point. Long essays often divide into two or more sections to highlight different aspects of the topic.
Introductions to essays include the following:
Biographies of important people in history who also wrote essays. This gives the reader a sense of what kind of document they will be reading and helps them understand the context in which it was written.
Statements of purpose for studying at a particular university or college. These help applicants know what kind of essay they will be writing during their first year and allow them to choose a course of study accordingly.
The Correct Academic Writing Format An academic essay usually has five parts: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Finally, the conclusion serves to summarize the entire argument and leave a lasting impression in the form of an overarching closing remark.
The Important Steps in the Writing Process