You can offer evidence in your essay using one of three strategies: paraphrasing, summarizing (which includes synthesising), or straight quotation. You will usually need to use all three approaches in an essay because there often isn't enough space for direct quotations. Paraphrasing and summarizing are ways of getting across the same information that goes into a direct quotation. In other words, they are alternative ways of saying the same thing.
In order for an argument to be valid it must be supported by evidence. Evidence is any statement or series of statements which proves or disproves some aspect of the claim being made. For example, if I were writing an essay on the effects of television on children, then evidence would be any study or statistic that was published in a reputable journal. Evidence is different from opinion in that evidence can be used to prove or disprove a claim while opinions are just that, opinions. Without evidence, an argument lacks credibility and is considered invalid.
When writing essays, it's important to provide evidence for your arguments. This allows readers to evaluate the strength of your claims as well as give their own opinions on the topic at hand. Evidence also helps readers understand what kind of research was done and where it can be found if they want to look further themselves.
Here are some examples of textual evidence that you may use in an essay:
Here are some examples of textual evidence that you may use in an essay: Direct quotes from a book or other source of text Exact summaries of what occurred or was stated in the text. Bigger sections that are directly related to your essay's subject.
To introduce evidence in an essay, begin with a claim or notion in the first line of the paragraph, then give proof to back up your argument. Once you've delivered the proof, always examine it so the reader understands its worth. And finally, close the paragraph with a summary statement about what has been proven.
Evidence begins with a topic sentence that makes a claim about some fact or concept. This is called the "introduction" to the evidence section. Follow this with one or more sentences that explain why this evidence is relevant to our claim or idea. Then, support your explanation with specific details using examples. Finally, conclude by summarizing the main point of your evidence section.
For example, if we wanted to argue that sports activities cars are expensive, we could begin by claiming as much in the opening sentence of our essay. We would then need to provide proof for this claim by listing several facts about these vehicles. After explaining why these facts are relevant to our claim, we would finish by summarizing the conclusion of our evidence section: "Therefore, sports activities cars are expensive."
Evidence is relevant when it helps us understand how things are connected or related.
To use evidence successfully, you must easily integrate it into your essay by following this pattern: Make your case. Give your proof, being sure to connect it to the claim. Comment on the evidence to demonstrate how it backs up the assertion.
For example, if you were writing about the causes of WWII, you would first have to make your case that something caused WWII. You could do this by mentioning some important events that happened in 1939 or 1940 and explaining why they are relevant to the cause of WWII. For example, you could say that Hitler's invasion of Poland in September 1939 convinced many people that he was not willing to accept peace proposals, thus causing them to want to get him out of office.
Next, you would need to give your proof. You could do this by mentioning different factors that contributed to WWII, such as the fact that both Germany and Japan had economies that were based heavily on war production. Explain how each factor affected the outcome of WWII. For example, you could say that the United States' entry into the war in December 1941 changed everything because now all of these other countries had an interest in defeating Germany and Japan. The end result was that many people died because there were too few resources available to fight all of these wars at once.
Finally, you would need to comment on the evidence, which is information from outside of the argument that shows its validity.