A key point summary is similar to an article abstract in that it provides the most essential "facts" from the content. It should include the title, author's name, and the primary point or argument. When appropriate, it may additionally mention the text's source (book, essay, periodical, journal, etc.).
A full summary includes more information than just a short key point summary. It should include the chapter or section where the material appears, if applicable; the sub-topic covered; and possibly other information relevant to the content.
Often, writers include their own personal views or opinions during the writing process. These comments can be included in the summary as well. Such comments can help readers understand the reason behind decisions made by the writer/author when interpreting content sources.
In addition to these components, a main summary may also include a review of the book or article, a discussion of how or why things happened as they did, predictions about what might happen in future events, or any other interesting ideas that come to mind while reading the content source.
Finally, a main summary must not contain multiple topics or arguments. Although having several points in one summary is acceptable, it should not be considered best practice. Doing so makes it difficult for readers to locate the relevant information.
Summaries, by definition, seek to highlight the major points of a material. A summary should include all of the important points of a reading. Include key supporting elements only if there is adequate room and they will assist your readers grasp the entire content more effectively. Avoid including extraneous information in summaries.
That being said, it is very difficult to write a summary that is one sentence long. Because summary sentences are so short, they tend to cover only a portion of the original text. They can't give you license to repeat information contained in the source document, so be sure to review them for clarity before you write them off.
Summary paragraphs work on a similar principle to headings in academic papers. They provide context for the information that follows; while they don't contain any new information themselves, they make existing information more accessible to readers who may not have time to read the whole article or section.
In general, a good summary provides enough detail to re-create what was learned from the text without repeating itself or referring to other parts of the document. It should not, however, be an exhaustive list of everything discussed in the source material.
For example, let's say that we are given the task of writing a summary for this chapter.
Guidelines for drafting an article summary Describe the article's major points. Determine the most crucial elements that support the major themes. Write your summary in your own words; unless they are exact quotations, avoid duplicating phrases and sentences from the text. Summaries should be no longer than 250 words.
In order to write a good summary, one must first understand what a summary is. A summary is a brief description or overview of a topic or piece of writing. It can also be called a abstract because it provides an overview of the main ideas in the source material. For example, a summary of an article would be a brief description of the major points contained within the article. It could also include a determination of the most important concepts or themes presented in the source material.
Summary paragraphs appear at the beginning of essays, reports, articles, and other forms of written communication. They help readers understand the main idea of the piece by summarizing its content in a concise manner. These paragraphs often include key terms found in the original work, thereby helping readers connect the information they find interesting with other information they may have read earlier.
Summary paragraphs come in two basic types: generic and specific.
Generic summary paragraphs are those that apply to many pieces of writing. Examples include introductory paragraphs and conclusion paragraphs.
How to Write a Synopsis
A summary begins with an introduction phrase that includes the title, author, and major thesis or subject of the document. A summary restates the primary thesis (or point of the work) in your own terms. A summary is composed entirely of your own words. It has little or no quotations. Finally, a good summary explains why the reader should care about the topic.
An effective summary:
1. Stands on its own - doesn't require further reading. That means it covers everything you need to say about the topic.
2. Is clear and concise - uses simple language that readers will understand.
3. Makes a strong first impression - gives a brief overview, not a full history of the topic.
4. Leaves time for follow-up - suggests ways that readers can learn more about the topic.
5. Doesn't sound like advertising - uses facts and examples rather than just opinions.
6. Makes a good closing - leads with a question or a call to action.
7. Isn't plagiarized from another source - includes citations/references.
8. Doesn't contain copyright material - owns its own validity.
9. Doesn't violate any laws - follows guidelines set by laws and regulations that may not be apparent to most people.
A summary starts with an introduction phrase that describes the title, author, and primary point of the book as you view it. A summary simply covers the main points of the original text. In fact, essays are most accurately described as summaries of important ideas or arguments.
There are two types of summary statements: analytical and descriptive. Analytical summaries explore and explain different aspects of a topic through facts and examples. Descriptive summaries list information about things such as people, places, and events without analyzing them. For example, a summary of American history could include details about important people in history, major events, and important documents while still being considered a descriptive summary because you are not exploring any implications of these facts themselves.
Analytical summaries are best written using cause-and-effect, comparison/contrast, definition-definition, classification/categorization, and list structures. While descriptive summaries are not limited to one particular structure, common ones include biography, case study, definition, analysis, and opinion/argument.
Biography includes a brief description of the subject's life and works. It can be used to describe someone who is famous or not yet known when the essay is written. Biographies are often written in first person for individuals and third person for groups or organizations.
A summary should begin with the author's name (first and last) and the title of the article, followed by a single statement expressing the primary topic of the whole essay. This summary should be no longer than 200 words.
Other useful information can be included in the abstract: date of publication, place of publication etc. An abstract is often used as an introduction to an article when it is being published for the first time or when there is no time to write a full-length article. It usually includes a brief overview of the main ideas and conclusions contained in the piece.
Abstracts are important for two reasons. First, they allow readers to see what issues are most important to the writer and why they are important. Second, they allow readers to decide if the article is worth reading in its entirety. If an article cannot be summarized in a few sentences, then it wasn't written for reader convenience but rather for the benefit of the author himself or herself. In this case, an abstract is not necessary - the full length article will contain all the relevant information needed to make a judgment about its content.
The abstract should be written such that it does not reveal any confidential information about the author's or source's opinion on the subject matter under discussion.