Remember to write the technique section in the past tense at all times. Make your writing descriptive. Provide enough information so that another researcher can reproduce your experiment, but keep it brief. Excessive details that aren't important to the experiment's conclusion should be avoided. Consider using examples to help make your point.
In the introduction section, introduce yourself and your topic briefly without going into great detail. State the purpose of your study clearly with some key words. Be sure to include any previous research on your subject. This will allow other researchers to follow up on what you've discovered and may even lead them to do work you have not thought of yet!
In the methodology section, describe the sample size, statistical tests used, and assumptions made. If applicable, explain why a random sample was not used. Note any limitations of your study due to time or money constraints. In addition, discuss any problems you had conducting your research. Was there a lot of missing data? Were certain subjects excluded from the sample? Did you encounter any other problems during the course of your investigation?
In the results section, provide detailed descriptions of each variable being studied. Explain how and why variables influence one another. Use charts or graphs to show relationships between variables. Consider using tables or diagrams to better organize your information.
Remember the following:
You should provide complete information on the study design, participants, equipment, materials, variables, and participant activities. The procedure section should include enough detail for other researchers to duplicate your experiment or study. You should also include any relevant background information about the study topic.
In addition to these requirements, methods sections should be written in an understandable language, and whenever possible, defined terms should be used in place of vague descriptors such as "a variety of statistical tests". Methods sections are an opportunity not only to describe your methodology but also to discuss findings and their interpretation. As such, they should be written in a way that is accessible to readers who have no prior knowledge of the research field.
Methods sections should be concise but comprehensive. It is acceptable to use several sentences to explain how you conducted a single experiment or study subject. However, it is important to avoid having multiple sentences build up within a single paragraph. Try to keep together any series of observations or experiments performed on the same group of subjects or events. This will help readers follow the logic behind some of your conclusions.
Use clear language and simple terminology when writing your methods section. For example, rather than saying that you measured "the height of ten children", say that you measured "the height of these children". Using proper terminology makes your work more accurate and easier to understand for others.
How to Write a Laboratory Report Section on Methods
The general rules for a techniques section are as follows: