In the opening, explain why the report is being written. Mention the need that is being met, as well as any previous study that has been done in the same sector. The introduction should also state what more research should be conducted in order to completely address the topics you set out to investigate. Finally, it should outline how these studies will help fill gaps in knowledge about your topic.
The first part of your report should provide sufficient detail for the reader to understand what questions you are trying to answer. Explain exactly who will benefit from this research and how they can use the information gathered here to make decisions. The beginning of your report should also include a discussion of other studies that have been or could be done on your topic. It is important to show that there is already a body of knowledge on the subject because this will allow others to refer to these earlier findings when writing their own reports.
After establishing what questions need to be answered, the next step is to describe the methodology that will be used to gather evidence for this study. Discuss the methods you will be using to reach reliable conclusions. Will you conduct interviews? Look at government statistics? Survey people's opinions? All good questions that need answers before you can begin data collection.
Once you have an idea of what evidence you will need, start looking for it! Government statistics are available online so they are easy to find.
Follow these procedures when writing the introduction:
A Descriptive Research Paper's Structure
How to Write a Report on Quantitative Analysis
Typically, your introduction should end with a thesis statement that suggests the meaning or substance of the work in order to present the formal components you've selected to investigate. For example, if you were to analyze the primary source "A Tale of Two Cities" by Charles Dickens, you might conclude that the purpose of the story was to illustrate the evils of tyranny and the benefits of liberty.
You should keep in mind that the conclusion is not intended to be an exhaustive study of the text itself. Rather, it serves as a summary of what's been learned about the subject matter so far. For example, if you were reviewing the book Modern Family by Jay Charig, you would probably highlight several important ideas in the book but you wouldn't spend much time discussing each character or incident individually. The conclusion would provide a short overview of these topics.
In addition, the conclusion should include any direct quotes from the text. If there are pages missing from the text, you may refer to other sources for information missed in the original investigation. Finally, if necessary, you can use research that has been done on the topic over time to provide more insight into the text.
Upon finishing the examination of a single source, it is normal to want to know what questions remain unanswered and what new issues have been raised.
The most effective openers begin with a hook, such as a rhetorical question or a strong statement, and then offer global context, defining the topics that your research will address. A strong introduction closes with a thesis statement that acts as the essay's compass. Organize the body of your essay with care. The best introductions include specific examples to help readers understand the issue at hand. Be sure to support your ideas with relevant evidence from both primary and secondary sources.
An effective conclusion brings together what has been learned in the essay and offers a call to action. Use language that appeals to readers who may not be familiar with academic writing; use clear, simple sentences to make your point quickly and easily.
Overall, an introduction for an analytical essay should: explain the problem being addressed by the essay; describe the different perspectives on this problem (i.e., issues); suggest a way to approach understanding these problems and views; provide specifics on how and where to find information necessary to analyze these problems and views; and conclude with a call to action.
14.3 Research Proposal Components
A study methodology section in a journal article should tell readers on exactly what was done throughout the research, including the early preparations and the methods used to obtain or create information or evidence (data), measure it, and analyze it. The methodology section should also include any assumptions made about the research situation being investigated. Finally, the methodology section should indicate how we know that the results are valid features of the researched problem.
In other words, a study methodology section answers these questions: What did they do? How did they do it? What might they do next time?
All scientific articles must have a methodology section if the article is to be considered valid by peer review and publication is desired. This section does not have to be long, but it should provide sufficient information for others to understand what was done and why it matters. If an experiment was conducted to test hypothesis H1, then we need to report what was found and whether or not H1 was supported. If another experiment was then conducted to test hypothesis H2 using the same data set, then we would need to report this too. In this way, other researchers can judge for themselves whether our findings are relevant to their own work or not.
Writing a methodology section for a journal article is easy if you follow these steps: