Should Centuries Be Written in Words or Numerals? We can write centuries as words or numbers (for example, 'eighteenth century' or '18th century'). Which method is most common? It depends on the context. If we are referring to a specific year, for example 1816, then it would be best to use numerals because words can be difficult to understand for some readers. But if we were to talk about all the years up until today, then it would be better to use words because numbers can be hard to remember.
Words are used instead of numbers because words are easier to pronounce, read, and understand than numbers. For example, someone who does not know any better could possibly assume that the phrase 'eighteenth century music' meant music from that era but would never guess that it was actually just music from the eighteenth century!
In general, words are used instead of numbers because numbers can be hard to remember and read. Also, numbers can have negative effects on your writing if you don't get them right. For example, if you claim that something is the "third millennium's invention" then people will think that you're claiming that it was invented in the third millennium rather than in the 21st century because 3000 isn't a modern number.
In general, "century" should not be capitalized, therefore it should always read as 'century' rather than 'century'. The exception is when the word 'century' is used at the beginning of a sentence or in a proper noun (for example, '20th Century Fox'). Finally, centuries can be shortened. A common shortening is '00s', which means the years 2000 to 2009.
There are 100 years in a millennium (the last one being 200), so there are 100 centuries in a millennium (the last one being 200). But what does this have to do with writing a century? Well, according to Wikipedia, there are four ways people write about century: (1) they can be capitalized (2) they can be abbreviated (3) they can be spelled with an S or without an S and (4) they can be written as two digits instead of three. This lesson will focus on way number four - writing about centuries using only two digits.
Using only two digits to write about centuries is very common in American newspapers. For example, if an article mentions that something happened in the 1900s, then it meant that it occurred in either the first or second century of the new century. Using only two digits to write about centuries is also common in magazines and on TV news programs.
However, most countries other than America use three digits to write about centuries.
The Associated Press Stylebook (AP style) makes two numerical value-based recommendations: (1) Single-digit centuries are written in lowercase, whereas double-digit centuries are written in numerals: In the fifth century, the Roman Empire crumbled. The 20th century saw the birth of rock and roll music. (2) If there is no conflict with another direction, use words instead of numbers: In the fifth century, the Roman Empire collapsed. In the twentieth century, rock and roll became popular.
Centuries count as two if they are written as 10,000 or 100,000. If you need to indicate a number in centuries, then write 2,000 or 20,000. Use periods for years: In the fifth century. A.D., the Roman Empire collapsed. In the twentieth century, World War I began.
How do you write years? Years are written without any problems as they appear in everyday language. If you need to indicate a number of years, then write them in full form or use years-abbreviations. Years can be single or multiple. Examples are given below:
Single Year: 1940
Multiple Years: 1960's
If you mean that something happened in one year but over a period of time, then use the word "yearly". Example: Every year at this time, we send Christmas cards to our friends and relatives.
Except at the start of a phrase, years should be indicated in numbers. Most style guides agree that beginning a sentence with a numerical is bad form, hence years should be spelt out as words at the start of a phrase. This is especially important when writing about ancient history.
Words cannot express how much I dislike this outdated rule. It seems like common sense to me that if you're going to begin a sentence with a number, it should be written as a number too. But apparently not! Years are always spelled out at the start of a sentence even when they're first words in the sentence.
This is particularly annoying when writing about ancient history because many books refer to years before 1752 as "anno Domini" ("in the year of our Lord"). The AD system was invented by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 and became popular throughout Europe. Before then years were usually referred to as "of the emperor so-and-so" or some similar phrase.
In science texts, years are normally written in full, except for quotations or where they're needed for clarity (e.g. "Jane Smith wrote this book in 1917" doesn't make sense if you don't know it was published in 2017).
In academic papers, years are often abbreviated to save space.