Simply insert the author's name and the date of publication in parenthesis (Author, date) in your text to credit a source. If the reader reading your report wants to access the information and learn more about it, they may look up the reference in your bibliography. Please note that these are only examples; you should give each source a unique citation style.
When writing your bibliography, be sure to follow these simple steps: first, find out who the authors are of the books or articles you use from library resources. Next, identify what is known as the title of the work. Finally, list all the places the work has been published with its date.
Books--use these tags: author's name, year of publication. Article sources include name of researcher(s), year of publication, journal article title. Library catalog cards include location, date written on front of card. Newspaper articles include name of newspaper, city edition printed, date.
It is not necessary to list paperback books as separate items in your bibliography. They are considered part of the general public domain and can be used by anyone without permission. Unpublished works must be cited with the author's name and date of publication.
Articles in magazines or newspapers can be difficult to cite because there is no author per se. Instead, an editor will have assigned each piece to a specific writer or group of writers.
Include the author, year, title of the report, report number (if applicable), and publisher when citing a report in a reference entry. In-text citations would be in the standard format, with the author (or writing organization) and year of publication included. Endnotes or bibliographies are other ways that you can refer to sources within your paper.
Mentioning citations is part of any academic paper because researchers must give credit where it is due. While you could simply say "The information in this article comes from such-and-such source," there are certain procedures that need to be followed when referencing sources. For example, when referring to a book, article, or chapter within the book, you should use the page numbers for easy tracking purposes. When referencing a study conducted by another researcher, they should also be mentioned with as much detail as possible (including the name of the investigator). Finally, whenever possible, try to reference multiple views on an issue in order to show the diversity of thoughts on this topic.
Citations are important because they provide evidence that supports your ideas. If someone objects to your claims, they can find fault in the references that you have used to back up your opinions. Also, if others who read your work identify themselves with some of the authors that you have cited, they may well decide to look into these sources for themselves.
As a result, each source you use must be included in a complete bibliography with enough information for someone to go and discover it on their own.
The purpose of a bibliography is not only to provide information about sources but also to show the reader what kind of document they are dealing with. For example, a bibliography can help a reader understand how much evidence there is for the claim or argument made in the text by looking at which sources were used and how many pages were cited. It can also help them decide whether the report is an original research paper or something that can be found elsewhere online. In fact, some people say that a well-done bibliography is like an abstract for the reader. They can see from it what kind of document they are going to find inside the body of the report.
There are two main types of bibliographies: descriptive and analytical. A descriptive bibliography lists every single source used in the work, including books, articles, interviews, websites, and even quotations. The author's name should appear by each source with the date of publication next to it. An analytical bibliography lists only those sources that contributed most significantly to our understanding of the topic at hand.
Include the author's name and initials, the report title (italicized), the report number, the organization that published it, and the URL when referencing a report with an individual author (if accessed online, e.g. as a PDF). It is worth noting that brochures are mentioned in a similar manner. For example, "A brochure for our new product line was distributed at the show."
Allied Reports: Citation Example
The following example is taken from a business report on climate change issues in Asia by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI):
"The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is an independent research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi, India. It conducts scientific and technical studies on various aspects of energy and environmental policy. TERI was established in 1982 through a joint initiative of the Swedish government and the Norwegian government. It is funded by public and private sources, including governments, companies, foundations, and individuals.
This report is one in a series produced by Allied Market Research on climate change issues in Asia. This study examines how the adoption of green technologies is likely to affect the economy of Asia-Pacific region. It also analyses the impact that climate change will have on several sectors, including electricity generation, transportation, buildings, agriculture, water management, and waste management. Finally, the report discusses the barriers to adopting green technologies and possible solutions for them.
When you use information from sources, you must tell your readers where it comes from and where they may find the sources. Citations and references are used for this purpose. A citation informs readers about the source of the material. While a reference tells readers how to find the source if they want to.
References are also called bibliographies or catalogues. They list the authors' names and their works together with dates of publication and available copies of those works. The list usually includes only published materials: books, magazines, newspapers, journals, etc. It does not include doctoral dissertations or other unpublished materials. References should be limited to no more than five items per author.
Citations are also called parenthetical notes or footnotes. They appear in the text of your papers, either at the end or within the paragraph or page they refer to. Some examples of citations are "The Southern Literary Journal quoted John Steinbeck on this topic," "Another source for this information is the Web site http://www'tomato.com" or "For further information on this subject, see the book By the Sea... (2005)."
It is important to note that references and citations are different things. While references are lists of sources, citations are quotations from these sources.
If you consulted any outside sources while preparing your report, provide a bibliography following the main report. Other corporate papers, scholarly publications, or even news items might be included. The idea is to demonstrate on what you founded your results and conclusions. This helps readers understand the context and knowledge base behind the data presented.
Bibliographies are also called reference lists. They list all the sources that were used by the researcher while doing their research. There are two types of bibliographies: descriptive and analytical. Descriptive bibliographies give an overview of the literature on a topic, whereas analytical bibliographies discuss specific articles or books.
In a business report, a bibliography is usually provided at the end. It often includes references to external studies or reports that were not part of the original research project. For example, an executive summary for a company report may include references to other studies about the same or related topics. Or, if a researcher finds some relevant articles online, they would be included in the bibliography.
The purpose of providing a bibliography is two-fold: first, it shows the reader what resources were used in conducting the study; second, it provides evidence that supports the findings of the study. Without this last piece of evidence, researchers would be leaving out important information that needs to be considered when looking at the study's results.