A writer exposes a character's personality through looks, behavior, or words through indirect characterisation. In this section, Chaucer often utilizes cues like physical appearance, clothes, interests, and pastimes to imply the sorts of people his characters are. For example, he describes a man as "fresshe and gay" (3) because he is lively and cheerful. Or he says that another character is drunk because of how he acts confusedly (4). Or again, when talking about courtiers who were expected to be eloquent in speech, he notes that some are poor speakers but adds that this is because they are "unlettered" (3). Or finally, he tells us that the pilgrim is a franklin because that is what kind of person he is - open and honest.
Chaucer also uses characterization to explain why certain things happen. For example, he says that the dreamer is punished for his sins because that is what sort of person it is - someone who has done bad things will get hurt if they don't change their ways (5). Or again, when discussing women who have many lovers, he remarks that they are like flowers that smell sweet but sting when touched (6). Or lastly, he tells us that the friar is condemned to burn for eternity because he is a heretic who doesn't believe in Jesus Christ (7).
Chaucer's portrayal is devoid of personal prejudice. He depicts his characters objectively, impartially, and dispassionately. He portrays what he directly observes. He possesses a seeing eye, a memory, the ability to pick, and the ability to elaborate.
Chaucer also uses irony to portray his characters. For example, in The Canterbury Tales, the Friar describes himself as a "friar in sin" (1:3). In other words, he is a priest who lives in adultery. Irony like this is found in all of his writings.
Another feature of Chaucer's characterization that makes it unique is its universality. All of his characters fall into one category or another - they are all human beings. This means that whatever role they play in their stories, they all have similar qualities. They are not divided up by class or status. This is because Chaucer wants us to see how much we share with our fellow humans. We are not just part of a large group of people, we are a single species among others.
Last but not least, Chaucer's characters are three-dimensional. Even though they may be described in general terms, such as "good" or "bad", they still have traits that make them distinct from each other. For example, in The Canterbury Tales, many characters can be identified by their appearances.
To begin, Chaucer's style is distinguished by lucidity of language, cheerful originality, and simplicity devoid of ambiguities and clear philosophical maxims. In characterizing virtually all of his characters, he employs colloquial language that is simple enough for the average person to grasp. The poet also shows a familiarity with many different kinds of literature which can be inferred from the quotations he uses as sources of information or inspiration.
Chaucer's language is characterized by the use of non-standard English, especially in terms of grammar. For example, instead of saying "they are", he would say "they haue". Instead of saying "I will", he would say "Wille I do". And instead of saying "you are welcome", he would say "Welcom". All of these changes were common practices at the time he wrote; they are not errors but rather examples of non-standard English.
Another feature of Chaucer's language is its versatility. He was able to adapt it to various situations by changing words or even whole lines. For example, if he wanted to describe a rainy day he would use different words than if he were describing a sunny one. Or if he needed to express sympathy he would use different words than if he were telling a story.
Last but not least, Chaucer's language is playful.
The author helps readers comprehend a character more correctly by providing insights about that character's personality. The author provides a peek of their perspectives on several themes by demonstrating how they respond to certain situations. The author shows how characters are affected by events through their reactions. Through descriptions of physical settings, the author lets readers know what type of place each character is coming from and what they are going to.
Characterization is important because it gives readers insight into who these people are beyond just their appearance. We can learn things such as how they act, what kind of person they are, what makes them tick, and so forth from simply reading their descriptions. Without knowing anything else about them, characters still have the ability to steal our hearts merely through their actions or behaviors. Characterization also allows us to relate to certain characters in ways we cannot with others. This is because we see aspects of ourselves in other people when we understand them well enough through characterization.
In conclusion, characterization helps readers understand stories characters more fully by giving them knowledge about them beyond just their looks.