Dante's persona looks up to Virgil as his teacher, continually professing his devotion and faith in him. Dante the poet, on the other hand, frequently uses Inferno to demonstrate his own literary excellence in comparison to the classical bards who came before him, including Virgil, who lived more than a thousand years before Dante.
As they travel through Hell, Dante sees how many sinners were famous or powerful when they were on Earth. Many of these people lost their lives because they were involved in war, politics, or sin itself. But even after they died, their reputation only increased over time until they became part of the history of hell.
Dante feels sorry for those he meets in Hell, especially those he knows from life, but he also feels compelled to show them what kind of punishment they deserve for their sins. When he does so, it is called "sanctioning" those individuals.
Over time, Dante learns that some people have the ability to sanction others even after they die. These people are called "Judges" or "Ministers." They can be men or women, young or old. Some are even found working in Hell for the Department of Justice.
All in all, Virgil is one of Dante's guides through Hell. They meet several other characters along the way, but Virgil is the only one who has a direct influence on Dante's life outside of his presence.
"The Inferno" is an epic poem that follows Dante, a mortal man who is led through the various circles of Hell. Dante's perspective varies during his voyage, from sympathy and compassion to scorn and wanting more divine vengeance on the sinners within the circles of hell.
Because Virgil is Dante's tutor and explains hell in the Aeneid, he is an excellent guide for Dante at the beginning of "The Divine Comedy." As a result, through detailing his poem and his work, Virgil serves as Dante's mentor and guide to Hell, and he is an ideal persona for the role.
For starters, as previous replies have shown, Dante the poet held Virgil the poet in high regard, referring to him as "my master" in the sense of a master and an apprentice. Who better to symbolize the "reason not enlightened by religion" that Virgil is a metaphor for than a moral and excellent pre-Christian poet?
Also, as I've already mentioned, they were born in the same year (1265) and lived at the same time (the early 13th century), so they could be considered friends or colleagues rather than masters and disciple. However, since Virgil was a real person who has been admired for his poetic talent and wisdom for many centuries before Dante was even born, it makes sense that he would refer to him as such.
The second reason is that Virgil is a natural guide to Hell since he is familiar with the terrain. Book 6 of Virgil's "Aeneid" has a detailed portrayal of the Underworld. A third reason is that they come from different cultures who had little to do with each other during their lives. But they had a close relationship after both of them died.
There are three reasons given by Beatrice for Dante to seek out Virgil in Heaven: first, to ask for directions; second, to tell his own story; and third, to make peace between Italy and France. As for why Dante wanted to know the way out of Hell, Beatrice doesn't say but it could be because there was no one else available to ask or perhaps he just wanted to see what the landscape looked like on Earth when you're dead.
In conclusion, Dante liked Virgil because he was a great poet and also because they were friends once upon a time.
Virgil exemplifies all of the great traits associated with the ideal Roman. He embodies logic and knowledge, making him the ideal guide. His treatment of Dante differs depending on the scenario as the voyage proceeds. Virgil is continuously concerned about Dante's well-being, and he is well aware that Dante is reliant on him. When necessary, he also provides guidance by example or advice.
In addition to his other qualities, Virgil is brave and loyal. He never gives up on Dante, even when others do. Also, he shows tremendous courage when he leads Dante through the ninth circle of hell. Finally, Virgil is a virtuous man who loves God and desires salvation himself. Thus, it is only natural that he act as Dante's guide.
Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 near Florence, Italy. He grew up in the family palace with his father, who was a government official, and his mother, who died when he was still young. He had two brothers who both lived longer than he did. Virgilio (or Guido) dei Lapi was appointed guardian of Dante when he reached the age of thirteen and took care of him for the next three years. In order to provide for his ward, Virgilio sent him to study law at the University of Bologna. However, due to financial difficulties, he could not continue his education and returned home.
In Dante's Inferno, Virgil serves as a guide and teacher, leading Dante through the physical geography of Hell and utilizing a didactic style to instruct and lecture Dante in each canto. - paraphrasing formalized Every "guardian" that Virgil and Dante encounter seemed to enrage him. Even after being freed from Hell's lower depths, they still had to fight off several guards who sought to recapture them.
Virgil was also an important figure in shaping Dante's view of reality. Before meeting with Virgil, Dante believed that Hell was a real place full of dangerous creatures who punished sin. He also thought that the souls of the dead remained attached to the material world and needed to be released by virtuous living or else they would suffer eternal punishment. But after talking with Virgil, Dante came to understand that Hell is not real but rather a state of mind produced by sinful actions. In addition, he learned that the souls of the dead need not be released but can be saved if they are given the opportunity to repent before dying.
These lessons from Virgil led to changes in Dante's understanding of God and Heaven. Before meeting with Virgil, Dante believed that God was a strict judge who required human sacrifice to satisfy His thirst for sin. But after hearing about God's love from Virgil, Dante came to see that God is more like us than we might expect: He has feelings, likes and hates, just like us.