A miracle, according to Hume, is an event that (a) is generated by God (directly or indirectly through a "invisible agency") and (b) "violates" (or "transgresses") a natural law (76, 77). By "law" Hume means not a physical law such as gravity or electricity but rather a general rule or concept that emerges from a large number of observations of specific instances of events like those on which the law operates (81). For example, if several people observe an apple fall from a tree, they will generally agree that it was dropped by someone, even if they have never before seen anyone drop an apple. They make this agreement because there exists within each of them a general belief or concept called "gravity" which causes them to infer that all objects with mass are drawn to the ground (78).
Hume argues that a miracle is anything that violates a law, or general concept, arising from a large number of experiences of an identical nature. Thus, a miracle is any event or series of events that is unusual enough to be noticed by some person or persons. For example, if Jesus were to appear today and announce that He was the son of God, this would be an act that no normal person would classify as a miracle because it would not violate any law that has been established through many years of scientific investigation and experimentation.
According to Hume, a miracle is a transgression of natural law. According to Hume, evidence in favor of a miracle, even if provided by the strongest possible testimony, will always be outweighed by evidence for the alleged violation of a natural law. For this reason, he argues that we should not believe in miracles.
In his book "Enquiry concerning human understanding" (1748), Hume uses an example to explain why we should not believe in miracles. He says that if someone claims to have seen a ghost, we should consider how likely it is that this person would know the ghost's identity. Since ghosts are invisible spirits, they could exist anywhere at any time. So, there would be no way for the person seeing the ghost to identify it as one of history's leaders. From this, we can conclude that such a sighting cannot be used as evidence for or against the existence of ghosts.
Hume also points out that even if we allow for extraordinary cases where evidence is capable of proof beyond doubt, we still cannot justify believing in miracles because even in these cases there is still a greater probability that the miracle was produced by magic rather than by God. In other words, even if the evidence for a miracle is extremely strong, it can never be certain without more information. For this reason, Hume concludes that we should not believe in miracles.
In Of Miracles (Section X. of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding), David Hume stated that miracles are either impossible because they would be a "violation of the laws of nature," or that one cannot have a justified belief that a miracle happened. In other words, there can be no proof for nor against a miracle.
As for why he did not believe in God, it is because there is no evidence that he did. His writings show no sign of religion and many signs of being an atheist. He also wrote a book called A Treatise on Human Nature which proves that he did not believe in any sort of supernatural force including God.
Furthermore, according to his own words, he believed that since we have no evidence for or against the existence of God, then we must assume that he does not exist. This shows that he did not believe in God because he thought that there was no proof for nor against his existence. Also, he was a naturalist so he didn't believe in any kind of spirit force or metaphysical force either.
He did believe in causation but only natural causation such as cause and effect. He also believed that people could change their behaviors and that these changes could be learned by others so he included education in this category too. These are all natural processes so there's no reason to think that they wouldn't happen again even if someone said they saw it happen.
Nonetheless, Hume claims that no testimony can show the existence of a miracle. The issue is not so much with the credibility of the witnesses as it is with the substance of what is being stated. No witness can testify to this violation of nature because nature cannot be violated. All they can say is that something appeared to them as though it were a miracle.
Hume also argues that no matter how many miracles there are, someone will always find a way for them to happen. For example, someone could come up with a theory about gravity or evolution that includes a miracle at its center. As long as these theories are viable alternatives, more people will believe in miracles than not. However, neither theory has gained widespread acceptance yet so this scenario is still very unlikely.
Finally, Hume argues that even if miracles did occur regularly, we would never know it because they would be kept secret by their perpetrators. A man could walk through a wall or see into the future, but nobody would ever know because he had the gift and used it wisely. Although this seems like a weak argument, it does make sense when you think about it. If everyone knew about your gifts, then they would be used for selfish purposes instead. Only someone who was evil enough to do such a thing would have any reason to keep their powers secret.
A miracle, according to philosopher Richard Purtill, is "an event in which God momentarily establishes an exception to the normal order of things." 2 That's an excellent definition. A miracle is a transitory (the normal path of nature will resume after the miracle is completed) exception to the normal course of nature.
Here are some other definitions: 3 A miracle is anything that happens beyond what we expect, or seems to go against the laws of nature. 4 A miracle is any event or fact that takes place without apparent cause or reason. 5 A miracle is an act of God or a supernatural event. 6 A miracle is something that most people would not believe could happen.
These definitions vary only slightly from one another. A miracle is defined as an event that happens beyond what we expect or appear to be natural for it to do so. It is important to understand that while miracles can happen, they don't happen very often. There are many reasons why a miracle may not happen even though there is no logical explanation for why it shouldn't. For example, if God were to decide to stop eating after eating for eight days straight, this would be considered a miracle because he has established an exception to his own rule. However, since he has continued to obey his rules and still wants to allow humans to experience life, he has decided not to stop despite having all the energy he needs to keep going.
N. ('[email protected]@l) 1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) an event that defies natural rules and is attributed to a supernatural cause. 2. any remarkable or beautiful occurrence 3. a person or thing that is an outstanding example of something: the bridge was an engineering wonder. 4. a religious experience acknowledged by others than the recipient.
Miracles were once thought to occur only in religion, but today they are recognized as occurring within science as well. A miracle is considered to be an event or series of events that appear to violate the laws of nature, but new knowledge or understanding of nature has shown this not to be so. For example, scientists once believed that lightning could not be contained by a container made of metal because electricity cannot be confined by physical barriers. However, engineers have created devices called flash lamps that use electrical charges in the atmosphere to produce light without contacting metal. These products are used by photographers as light sources other than the sun.
In science, a miracle is a phenomenon whose explanation in terms of known facts of physics or chemistry is at odds with the facts of experience. Science seeks to explain what happens in nature based on what we know about physics and chemistry; if an event or series of events cannot be explained this way, it is said to be a miracle.
People have always wondered about the world around them and asked questions about why things happen the way they do.