Notice how, as you read the poem, you begin to anticipate the following rhyme inside the line. Internal rhymes can speed the tempo of the poem as you read it, resulting to a heightened sense of anticipation, depending on how you read it. Or the rhyme scheme may cause you to slow down and ponder the rhyming phrases. Either way, the effect is similar to that of external rhymes.
Poe's internal rhyme pattern, in any case, produces tension. It is this tension that makes the poem so effective.
Rhyme generates a musical rhythm that helps you to anticipate what will happen next. If you recall the first line of a poem, you are more likely to remember the second line if it rhymes. This pattern construction also allows the poet to interrupt the pattern, giving you a jarred or bewildered feeling or introducing comedy. For example, Shakespeare uses rhyme to great effect in his plays, especially in the early ones such as Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Night's Dream.
In novels, poets use rhyme to highlight important words or phrases. For example, when you read about Dorothy leaving Oz behind her, the wizarding world, she says: "I'm going home to Kansas". The word "home" is repeated here to attract attention. In addition, rhyme is used by writers to suggest harmony between the words on the page. For example, Jane Austen used it often to show that different characters have views on life which are complementary rather than competitive.
Young readers particularly like poems with rhyme because they can sound out the words as they read them. This helps them to understand what the writer is trying to tell them!
As well as using rhyme to create music, poets use it because it has many other effects. Rhyme makes words easier to remember because we use the final sounds of words to help us identify them. For example, "rose", "rose red" and "open sesame" all end in "-ose".
Internal rhyme can occur in a single line of poetry (with numerous words in the same line rhyming), or the rhyming words might occur throughout multiple lines. Internal rhymes are distinguished from end rhymes by the placement of rhymes in the center of lines. End rhymes have rhyming words at the ends of lines. Internal rhymes are common in English poetry, especially ballads.
Lines that contain an internal rhyme are called monorhymed lines. Lines that contain an end rhyme but no other word than the one at the end of the line are called monosyllabic lines. Lines that contain two or more words with rhyming endings are called polyrhymous lines.
Rhyming words in poems appear in three forms: open, closed, and stressed. Open rhymes are found anywhere in a poem without any restriction as to number or type. Closed rhymes appear only in pairs within a single line of verse. Stressed rhymes occur only at the beginning of a syllable and at the end of a syllable, such as cat and mat in catamaran. They are very common in English poetry.
Open rhymes are easy to recognize because they do not occur in pairs. They are usually short words that share a sound (such as cap and mat) or a meaning (such as pay and gray).
Poe produces a powerful internal rhyme by employing alliteration and repeating syllables. Rhyming words appear at the middle and end of the first and third lines of each stanza, as well as in the middle of the fourth. This rhyme pattern creates a thunderous, powerful effect that adds to the poem's intensity.
Edgar Allan Poe used rhyme in many of his poems. This example from "The Raven" appears near the beginning of the poem: "Hush! Hark! From yonder craggy peak / The hooting of an owl." By using this simple device, Poe brings attention to the opening line of the poem which serves to establish its theme of loneliness.
Poe also uses rhyme to highlight specific words or phrases within the text. For example, he employs rhyme to emphasize the word "raven" several times by repeating it at the beginning of each new line of the poem. This device helps give voice to the poem's central character - a lonely raven - and makes readers feel like they are listening into his mind as he talks with other creatures about their shared fate of being abandoned by everyone who cares about them.
Rhyme is very popular among poets because of its strong association with music and poetry readings. Most people know these poems because they were set to music, such as "The Raven" performed by Leonard Nimoy. Music allows for more complex metaphors and stronger feelings than can be expressed through plain language alone.
External Rhymes occur at the ends of lines and are typically included in a Rhyme Scheme (see section 203). Internal rhyme occurs when at least one of the rhyming pair's words falls within the stanza or line. Both internal and external rhymes contribute to the poem's rhythm and tone.
An example of an external rhyme would be The moon on the breast of the ocean, where "breast" and "ocean" both end in "-st." An example of an internal rhyme would be A cold winter's night, where "night" and "cold" each begin with the same letter ("c") and thus sound alike. Although "winter" and "night" do not share any letters in common, they still count as two separate words that can be used as rhyming pairs.
In addition to these basic types of rhymes, many poems include other kinds of rhymes that may not seem like real rhymes but that are used nonetheless. For example, some poems contain consonantal rhymes, which involve two words that end with the same letter (typically a vowel-less letter such as "b" or "d"). These words are then called the rhymes' "consonants" because they are usually monosyllabic nouns or adjectives.
End rhyme is frequently used by poets to establish rhythm in their works. When they employ it throughout the poem, it produces a lovely rhyming pattern, giving the piece a musical character since it adds flow in a perfect rhythmic style. It is an effective mnemonic technique that aids with memorizing. As well, readers enjoy reading poems that use end rhymes because it makes for easier repetition and thus better learning.
End rhyme can be applied to any word that has a short sound or syllable. These include many common nouns and adjectives as well as verbs such as "read," "wrote," and "talked." Poets often choose words that contain consonant clusters, which are hard to say quickly, as these make good uses for end rhyme. Some examples of end-rhymed words are "glide," "prize," "trace," and "traceable."
The use of end rhyme is not limited to English poetry, but is found in many other languages as well. For example, French and Spanish poets often rely on this technique to create pleasing rhythms in their work. In Italian poetry, end rhyme is known as "rima di punta" (end rhyme).
End rhyme can be employed by writers to great effect. While reading poems that use this technique, readers will notice how smoothly it flows into each line, creating a balanced composition.