In "The Fall of the Home of Usher," Edgar Allan Poe employs personification to relate the house to Madeline and Roderick Usher, almost as if it were also a member of the family....
Poe uses the supernatural as a phantasm of Roderick's mind to demonstrate his deteriorating sanity in "The Fall of the House of Usher." The main character's conduct becomes increasingly neurotic and unpredictable, and as he succumbs to his sense of supernatural happenings, he acts even worse. At the end of the story, it is implied that Roderick has become insane too.
Also, in "The Tell-Tale Heart" the main character is driven mad by hearing a mysterious noise coming from his own house. He believes this sound is caused by someone hiding behind a wall and watching him, so he kills himself. His wife then inherits his money and keeps the house, showing that she is not affected by the incident at all. This story was written as a warning against being fooled by strangers who look like them. As you can see, Poe used the supernatural to explain mental illness and crime.
Poe also uses it to express his views on society. In "The Raven", the main character sees how much misery there is in the world and feels like crying, so he sings about it. He claims that this poem will help some stranger feel better about life someday. In reality, this poem is meant to show what a miserable life Roderick lived and how much sadness there is in this world. At the end of the poem, it says that "Nevermore". Which means that humanity will always be suffering.
Poe used personification to help the reader relate to the tale by endowing non-living entities with human characteristics. In this narrative, personification may be seen in the sentence, "Death, in approaching him, had crept with his black shadow before him, and encompassed the victim." Death is not a real entity but rather an abstraction created by the writer to represent death.
In addition to helping readers understand what was happening in the story, Poe also uses personification to express his own feelings about death. For example, in the poem "The Raven", he writes, "Nevermore". This line can be interpreted two ways. First, it could be taken as a promise that Edgar Allan Poe would never again write about death. However, this interpretation fails to take into account that Poe was actually referring to himself in the third person using the pronoun "he". Therefore, another possible interpretation of this line is that Poe is saying that he has learned his lesson about death and will no longer write about it ever again.
Overall, personification is useful tool for writers to create understanding between themselves and their readers/audiences by making abstract concepts more accessible.
The term "home" is used by Poe to designate both the physical building and the family. On the one hand, the home looks to be sentient, exactly as Roderick states. Its windows have been characterized as "eye-like," and its interior as "living body-like." Roderick thinks that the house has power over its occupants. He believes that it kills those who stay in it too long because they have become "misanthropes" or hatellers. He also claims that the house has killed others before them who were deemed unworthy of freedom.
On the other hand, the family is not free. They are prisoners in their own home, unable to leave until Mr. Miller pays off the debt. Even then, they will never be able to repay the money so they cannot go back. As Mrs. Miller says: "Our home is our prison."
Poe uses this concept throughout his work. In "The Fall of the House of Usher" he shows us how important the family is by stating that "the destruction of a single member threatens the existence of the whole". This means that if Roderick had not come into possession of the house, then it would have been destroyed too, along with his soul.
He also uses this idea to explain why some people hate houses. Because they feel like prisoners in their own home, they think that anyone who owns a house must be stupid since they could easily fall into debt buying it.