Using a first-person point of view helps an author to delve much further into the narrator's persona since the reader gets to hear the narrator's inner thoughts and emotions. Furthermore, it elevates the narrator to the role of the story's primary character, or protagonist. A first-person poem is one where the speaker of the poem is directly addressed by the poem itself (i.e., "You" or "Your"). Although most poems are written in third-person point of view (where "he" or "she" is the direct object of what is being said), some poems use first person because they offer a unique perspective on events that would be difficult or impossible to convey with third person.
First-person point of view is often used in dramatic monologues and essays. The writer uses this point of view to address himself or herself directly on the page. This allows the writer to explore his or her feelings more deeply than if he or she were writing in third person. For example, a writer using first-person point of view could describe how nervous he or she feels before going onstage for an important performance. Or perhaps the writer could reveal how excited he or she is about a new project at work. The point is that using first person allows for greater insight into the mind and heart of the poet.
First person also gives the reader access to information about the narrator's life and experiences that would otherwise be inaccessible.
Often, the poet is the speaker. At times, the speaker can adopt a persona—the voice of someone else, including animals and inanimate things. The poem, like fiction, is written from a definite point of view. First-person narrative (I, me, my, we, us, our) is most common in poetry, while third-person limited (he, her, them) and third-person omniscient (they) are also used.
In general, it does not matter who is the speaker of a poem. Some poets may want to give the impression that it is something other than themselves who is speaking, such as when they use the first person to describe events that have taken place outside their own life or when they use the third person to tell stories about people who are not alive today. Other poets may prefer not to identify himself or herself as the speaker of the poem for various reasons; for example, when they want to show how words can be powerful even when they are not spoken by someone identifiable. Either way, as long as the poem is understood to be told by and about someone else, then it does not matter who that someone else is.
As with any part of art, artists will often take inspiration from real people and events. In some cases, they may even name themselves after one of these people or places.
A persona is a fictional point of view that a writer employs. Their point of view may be diametrically opposed to their own. The term "persona" is derived from the Latin phrase "actor's mask." It is mainly associated with theatrical works produced on stage and the persona an actor is portraying. However, it also applies to novels and poems written from the point of view of a character other than the author.
In poetry, the persona is the voice of the poet appearing in the work. Sometimes this voice is disguised, as in the case of allusions made by poets to themselves or others without revealing their identity. For example, Shakespeare often uses his own name in his plays as a form of self-reference or allusion. He does this to create characters who speak in the first person and comment on the action or use words and phrases that would not be out of place in a speech by Shakespeare himself.
Poets have often used the persona as a means of expressing themselves through a character other than themselves. For example, William Wordsworth expressed his views on education, society, and politics through the character of "Lucy" in Poems Written During Various Periods of His Life. Lucy was based on Wordsworth's sister Elizabeth, though she admits that some people think she is meant for someone else.
It can also be used to convey the feelings of another person.