At the time of invasion and conversion to Christianity, the existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups was primarily oral, consisting of epics, tales, ballads, riddles, and proverbs. As written language came into use, it was predominantly Christian in nature. Authors included figures from the Dominican order, such as Saint Junípero Serra, who wrote sermons and pastoral letters for the Filipino people.
After independence from Spain in 1898, literary expressions in the Philippines developed rapidly, particularly after World War II. Today, writers produce novels, essays, poetry, and short stories that reflect many different cultures within the country.
The Spanish colonial era had a profound effect on the development of Philippine literature. The introduction of printing presses and writing materials helped spread knowledge about Europe and the Americas. Religious writings made up most of the available literature at the time, but some original poems and stories were also produced. After independence, new authors explored different forms of expression, helping to expand the genre spectrum of Philippine literature.
Mindanao folk literature Muslim cultural communities, like other Filipino groups, follow the oral tradition in which folktales, myths, legends, epics, poetry, riddles, and proverbs are passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. Written material on Mindanao history and culture began to appear only in the 20th century.
Early writers such as FERNANDO OSPINA came from a Spanish colonial background and used English as their language. They wrote about the indigenous people of Mindanao: their languages, customs, religions, and traditions. Some of these authors also recorded native songs, poems, and stories. The best-known example is probably Fernando Ospina's El Tagalog del Este de Luzon (1891-1892), but there are others including those written by Agustin Calvo, Juan Luna, and Pedro Paterno.
In the 1970s, several young scholars started publishing articles on various aspects of Mindanao culture, history, and society. Many of them have gone on to successful careers in academia, while some remain active in national politics. Their work has helped dispel many long-held beliefs about the indigenous peoples of Mindanao. For example, it is now known that they were not all headhunters before the arrival of Europeans, as had been assumed for centuries. Instead, they developed their own complex societies with agriculture as their main occupation.
Philippine literature is literature related with the Philippines from prehistory to the present, including colonial legacies. Pre-Hispanic Philippine literature was essentially epics passed down by oral tradition from generation to generation. Spanish writers such as Francisco de Quevedo and José Zárraga were some of the first to write about the Philippines in prose.
During the Spanish era, no official censorship board reviewed manuscripts before they were published or performed. As a result, many books that had been written about ancient Rome or Greece came out years after their authors' deaths. This is not the case with Filipino writers of that time period; there are many cases of death or exile due to political reasons or because of their beliefs which prevents them from being published during their own lifetime.
After Spain ceded its last colony in the Philippines to America in 1815, American writers began to appear in the country's literary scene. These writers often used their experiences while living in the United States to create stories that reflected the culture around them. For example, Jose Corazon de Jesús, known today as Dr. Jose Rizal, wrote about his experience as a schoolteacher in the Philippines before going on to become one of the country's most prominent poets and essayists.
After World War II, the Philippines became an independent nation under President Elpidio Quirino.
The first written evidence of the existence of a literary community in the Philippines comes from Spanish sources of about 1550. These are prose narratives that describe events that had taken place during their authors' lives.
Post-Hispanic Philippine literature refers to literature produced in the Philippines since the early years of Spanish colonization up to the present day. It includes works of fiction, poetry, and essays that deal with issues concerning the nation's identity. Filipino writers have been influential in developing modern languages worldwide. Today, the Philippines is among the world's most active publishers, with more than 100 new books being released each year.
Filipino literature has had an immense influence over my life. I have enjoyed reading many novels, poems, and essays by Filipino authors, and I have been inspired by their thoughts and ideas. I have also learned a lot from them; for example, I have discovered that history can be exciting even if it is not about battles or politics, and I have learned that happiness is possible even when you are poor.