Topic sentences serve to concentrate your writing and direct the reader through your argument. Each paragraph in an essay or report should concentrate on a single theme. By stating the key concept in the subject sentence, you help both yourself and your reader understand what the paragraph is about. The conclusion section of your essay or report should summarize the main points you made in your paper.
A subject sentence is a sentence in which the primary idea of a paragraph is expressed. The topic sentence signals the reader that further action is necessary; it gives the reader direction as to what topic to follow.
Every good essay has at least one topic sentence. It's the sentence that states the main point of the paragraph or piece as a whole. This sentence should be clear, concise, and written in the first person. It may not use all three types of sentences (subject, verb, object) but it must contain a subject and a verb. A topic sentence can also be called a header sentence because it often serves to give credit to someone for their work or to state the purpose of the essay.
For example, "Our team won this year's tournament" is a subjective sentence because it describes something about the playwright, not the play itself. "The play is about friendship" is an objective sentence because it tells you more about the play itself than anyone else. "We will start by discussing how children learn language" is a predicable sentence because it contains both a subject and a verb. Finally, "Language acquisition is a fascinating topic!" is a declarative sentence that provides information about language acquisition.
A subject sentence serves numerous key functions in a paragraph. A subject sentence should highlight the primary concept of a paragraph, letting the reader know what to expect from the paragraph. The topic sentence must convey a concept that will unite the rest of the paragraph while also tying it back to the paper's primary point. Finally, a topic sentence should make an impression on the reader.
Subject sentences are often called "hook" or "grabbers" because they help readers find information in a paper. While there are many ways to write a good subject sentence, we can divide them into two categories: general and specific.
General subject sentences give a brief overview of the topic without getting into detail. These sentences usually start with words such as "According to," "Since," or "As discussed earlier." They make statements about the topic that can be understood by anyone reading them. For example, "According to Shihoko Fujii, Japanese aesthetics have influenced Western art." There are several examples of general subject sentences in this piece. "According to Fujii", "Since its inception in 1990", "As discussed earlier in this paper", etc.
Specific subject sentences go into greater detail about a single idea. These sentences usually start with words such as "However," "On the other hand," or "Nonetheless". They answer questions the reader may have about the topic at hand.
A good topic sentence should make an assertion about the content of the paragraph while linking it to the whole piece.
There are three basic types of sentences: subjects, objects, and complements. In general, subjects are the words that tell you who or what the sentence is about. Objects are the things that receive the action of the verb. Complements are words or phrases that provide additional information about the subject or object. For example, in "The dog barked at Joe," the subject sentence is "The dog barked" and the object sentence is "at Joe." Complements can be added to subjects or objects depending on their function within the sentence.
In general, subjects are used to highlight or call attention to some aspect of the story being told by the writer. They usually begin with a conjugated form of the verb "to be" (i.e., "is", "are", "was", "were"). Subjects often include names to indicate a specific person or people are being discussed or reported on.