The sequence of introduction, methodology, findings, and discussion is the core structure of a typical research article (sometimes abbreviated as IMRAD). Each segment focuses on a distinct goal. The research topic should always be stated explicitly, rather than being left to the reader to infer. A good conclusion re-emphasizes the main points while introducing any new information found during the study.
Intro. This introductory section should state the problem or question to be answered by the study and explain why it is important. It should also list other studies that have been done on this topic (this is called "research literature" review). Finally, it should outline what will happen next with the results - i.e., discuss possible future directions for this work.
Methodology. This section should describe the methods used to collect data for the study, including where and how they were obtained. If applicable, explanation should be given as to why original sources were not used. If statistical analysis was performed on the data, then this section should include details about the statistical techniques and their applicability.
Findings. In this section, the results should be summarized and presented in a clear and concise manner. Interpretation of these results should be discussed openly with reference to both the existing research literature and the data collected during the study. New questions may arise after reviewing the study's findings - if so, then these should too be included here.
The introduction, methodology, results, and discussion are the most frequent components of a standard research report (IMRAD). Because the fundamental IMRAD order is extremely logical, it is the most often utilized order for drafting research papers. The introduction should include a clearly stated problem or question; a summary of relevant literature; an explanation of the significance of the study; a description of the methodological tools used; and a statement of the general conclusion that can be drawn from the data analyzed.
In addition to these common ingredients, an original research paper may include additional sections such as a theoretical framework, abstract, acknowledgments, appendix, bibliography, case study, checklist, compendium, conundrum, controversy, criticism, debate, dictionary, enigma, example, experiment, illustration, investigation, survey, thesis, treatment, and review.
Many research papers are actually short stories or articles that attempt to solve a particular problem through research. These types of papers would include any of the sections listed above except the introduction and conclusion. An original research paper cannot be simply a collection of facts or statistics because they could have been presented in a review paper or article. Rather, an original research paper must offer new insights into a subject or make significant contributions to theory or practice.
A 1–2 paragraph opening, conclusion, or summary is required for all articles. The introduction must establish the topic, address what points will be addressed, identify the time range, and provide any other information that may assist the reader in understanding the purpose of the study. All research papers should have a precise title page including the author's name, the date, and the abstract or summary of the article.
An outline is helpful to keep your thoughts together but it is not necessary. You can write your paper in the order that best suits you - it can be written linearly or in sections with subheadings. The only requirement is that you follow the outline of your essay correctly. You can modify your outline as you progress through your research; remember to always answer the question that you introduced at the beginning of your essay.
The most important thing to remember when writing your research paper is that it is you who is writing it! Even if you use others words or ideas, you must still be able to explain them properly for the reader to understand. Make sure that you have enough evidence to support your arguments and that you don't just assume things will work out ok. Proofread your work carefully before submitting it. If you find errors when reading through your work again then there is no point in waiting - edit it now!
A Research Paper's Structure
A Descriptive Research Paper's Structure Introduction First and foremost, the author must provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the subject of the study, similar to a field research report. Body The author investigates the essence of the cited problem in this part. Conclusion The researcher must reach a reasonable and logical conclusion in this part. Bibliography Include a list of publications used especially important books.
Examples: "Lincoln's leadership qualities are evident from the fact that he led his team to victory in the war between the states. His wisdom is shown by his decision to remove slavery from the territory of America. His moral values are demonstrated by his efforts to preserve the union at any cost."
These are some general guidelines for writing a descriptive research paper. As you can see, it is not a simple task and requires professional help from someone who knows how to write good papers.
If you want to learn more about descriptive papers, check out our knowledge base article on descriptive research papers.
A research paper has the following key sections: abstract, introduction, review of literature, study methods, results and analysis, discussion, limits, future scope, and references. In addition to these standard sections, some researchers include a section called "conclusions."
The purpose of the abstract is to provide readers with a brief overview of the article. It should be no more than 200 words describing the subject matter and main conclusions of the piece.
The introduction should state the problem being addressed by the researcher. This can be done in the first few sentences of the essay or it can be stated at the beginning of the paper. Either way, it's important to let the reader know what questions are being answered by the study and how the study will help them find the answers.
The review of literature section discusses previous research on the topic which forms the basis for your own work. You should include only relevant information from the previously published work and explain any differences between your findings and those of others.
Study methods describe the procedures you used to arrive at your conclusions. For example, if you conducted multiple experiments to see which method was most effective in producing results, then you would report these experiments in detail.