A basic rule of thumb is to italicize the titles of full works inside the body of a paper, but to use quotation marks around the titles of portions within a complete work. For example, if you were writing about various scenes in "Hamlet," you would need to include both "to be or not to be" and "to sleep perchance to dream." However, if you were writing an essay on a chapter from "Hamlet," then you would only need to include the title of the chapter.
Titles can also be used as subheads. These are typically listed at the top of the page under the main heading of the essay. They are often one short sentence explaining what the essay is going to cover.
As with any other part of an essay, the title should give readers some indication about the tone and style that will be used throughout the piece. So, for example, if you were writing about Shakespeare's plays, you could indicate this by using terms such as "romantic", "realistic", or "comedic" in the title. Or, if you wanted to suggest that you will use evidence from several sources to support your argument, you could put this information in the title.
In general, titles are meant to provide readers with a brief overview of what they will find in an essay.
Full-text titles, such as books or newspapers, should be italicized. Poems, articles, short tales, and chapters should have their titles in quotation marks. Long poems may have their divisions indicated by lowercase letters within the title.
Italicize the titles of longer publications such as books, magazines, databases, and websites. For titles found in longer works such as articles, essays, chapters, poetry, Web pages, songs, and speeches, use quote marks. In most cases, italics are used to emphasize specific words or phrases in the title.
It's best practice to include your own name on any publication that you have written even if it is only an article published in a university journal. This shows other researchers that your work is important and will contribute to their understanding of the topic. They may also want to cite the publication when writing their own papers. Failure to do so might lead readers to believe that your work is not relevant or significant enough to be cited.
Names of publications should be italicized rather than quoted. This is because publications have separate legal identities from their authors; therefore, they should be referred to by their actual names. Authorship is also attributed to people who make substantial contributions to published works, so these individuals should be included in citations as well.
References are lists of sources used when writing papers. When referencing a publication, it is necessary to provide information about the author(s), year published, title, publisher, location where the publication was held, and form or format (e.g., print, online).
If the source is self-contained and independent, italicize the title. Italicizes the titles of books, plays, films, magazines, databases, and websites. If the source is part of a larger work, put the title in quotation marks. Articles, articles, chapters, poems, websites, songs, and speeches are all surrounded by quote marks. Works cited pages should have author's name(s) and page numbers.
Generally, the title of your essay should not be italicized. However, if you are writing about a specific book or article, then its title should be set in italics to distinguish it from other works on the topic. In addition, if the title of your essay is written by another person, such as a publisher or journal, then they would usually want to include their own mark indicating where the title begins and ends. This is called "title capitalization" and it allows them to do so while still being consistent with standard academic style.
When you are referencing a song, poem, or speech, it too needs to be given a unique identity for readers to find it. Therefore, these forms of media also need to be surrounded by quotes. This means that the title of the song, poem, or speech needs to be in quotes when referenced in an essay.
Finally, some words have different styles depending on whether they are used as sentences or phrases.