Edgar Allan Poe (1809–49) is often regarded as the most well-known American Romantic who wrote in the Gothic style. His poetry and short tales delve into the darker side of the Romantic imagination, dealing with the bizarre, otherworldly, and horrific. However, his work also includes elements of science fiction, witchcraft, and madness.
Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father was a wealthy attorney, and his mother was from a family of actors. He had two siblings: a sister, Virginia, and a brother, Michael. When he was only seven years old, his family moved to Richmond, Virginia, where his father had been appointed attorney general by President James Monroe. A few months later, they returned to Massachusetts, where Edgar attended school at Amherst College before moving back home to live with his parents.
In 1829, at the age of twenty, Poe married Mary Arnold. She was eight years younger than he was. The couple had three children together: Eulalie, Maria, and Edward II. But because of financial difficulties, he was forced to give up his writing career to become a civil servant. In addition, he spent much of his time touring Europe, which helped him develop his literary skills and experience different cultures.
Back in America, Poe's financial situation became even more difficult when he lost several lawsuits.
Poe was an American writer who was a member of the Romantic Movement, namely the subgenre of Dark Romanticism. He rose to prominence as a poet, short-story writer, editor, and literary critic, and is credited with establishing the genre of Gothic Literature with his dark, horrific stories of terror. Many critics view him as one of the most significant poets and storytellers in English language history.
American literature would not be the same without him. His work is considered seminal to both the Gothic and the Romantic movements, and he has been cited as an influence on such writers as William Shakespeare, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Charles Dickens, and James Joyce.
In addition to being highly regarded for his poetry and short stories, he has also been called America's first professional novelist because of his efforts to popularize the novel form. His tales were widely read and admired during his lifetime, and many still hold great significance for readers today. He has been described as a "perfect storm" of various influences including European Romanticism, classical mythology, and American Independence which resulted in a body of work that continues to capture the imagination more than 200 years after his death.
Besides being revered for his creativity, Poe was also known for his struggles with mental illness. Although he attempted to conceal this fact from the public, it caused him to be misunderstood and even despised at times.
Edgar Allen Poe is a well-known maestro of mystery, suspense, and horror, as well as a master of the literary Gothic style. Death and decay, as well as mental instability and emotional turmoil, are common themes in his short works.
Poe's poetry is often imitative and his language colorful, but his power of expression is remarkable: he could thrill or appall with equal facility by means of indirection. His poems are often about actual people or events, but more often than not they deal with issues that concern everyone who reads them. He also wrote essays, reviews, and fictional prose stories, many of which were based on real cases.
Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. His parents were John Edward Poe and Frances Allan. He had two siblings: Maria and Richard Henry Poe. When he was only seven years old, his father died and was later buried from Westfield Cemetery in Baltimore. This early death had a profound impact on the future writer; it made him feel responsible for those around him and motivated him to succeed in life so he wouldn't make the same mistake.
Poe's mother then married another man, William Allan, who had four children of his own. The Allans were wealthy merchants and ship owners and moved to Baltimore where their new home was located near Westfield Cemetery.
Poe also eschewed the rational and academic in favor of the intuitive and emotional, which was a defining feature of the Romantic Movement. His work pre-dating that of Byron and Shelley by several years made him a major influence on the Romantics.
Poe was one of the first American writers to be recognized for his work, and he influenced many later poets and writers, including T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, Allen Ginsberg, and Robert Duncan. His work continues to find new readers today.
Romanticism was a movement in European art and literature from 1776 to 1851 that shared some similar ideas and attitudes. One of these ideas was a focus on the emotions rather than reason as the main driver for artistic creation. Another idea was a belief that nature had a powerful effect on humans, causing them to feel intense feelings such as joy or sorrow when exposed to its beauty. This concept came to be known as "naïveté".
Poe was one of the first authors to apply these concepts to writing. His poems are full of strange images, unusual metaphors, and unexplained phenomena. This adds an element of mystery and suspense that has always been popular with readers. His use of irony and ambiguity further enhance this effect.
Almost all of Edgar Allan Poe's work fits within the Dark Romantic genre, in which he investigated the psychology of the conscious and subconscious mind. Many of Poe's writings are on the darker side of the Dark Romantic spectrum, bordering on Gothic literature with gruesome stories of terror, sickness, and lunacy. "The Tell-Tale Heart" is one of his most famous poems/stories that fit this description.
Poe was born on January 19th, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. His father was a wealthy lawyer, while his mother was from a family of actors. He had two sisters and he showed an interest in writing at a very young age. His parents sent him to England to study law, but he never finished his degree. Instead, he spent most of his time writing poetry and selling it to local newspapers for money to keep himself alive. In 1831, he moved to Baltimore where he worked as a journalist for several years. In 1845, he moved back to Boston where he lived quietly until his death in October 1849 at the age of 40.
Through his work, he has become one of the first true American authors. Before him, there were many great writers such as Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, but they were all British or colonial citizens.
Edgar Allan Poe's (January 19, 1809–October 7, 1849) writings include several poems, short tales, and one book. His work includes horror fiction, adventure fiction, science fiction, and detective fiction, which he is credited with creating. He also was a significant influence on the development of the mystery novel and the slasher film.
Poe is considered the father of the modern detective story. The first crime fiction character to appear in print was Arsene Lupin, created by Maurice Leblanc in 1905. However, it was not until much later that the term "detective story" came into use. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a detective story as "a narrative story containing descriptions and explanations of crimes and their solutions by means of forensic evidence or logical analysis".
Although most often associated with mysteries, Poe's work encompasses many other genres as well. His poem "The Raven" is often cited as an example of a bird-theme poem, while "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" is regarded as the first detective story. It has been estimated that this tale inspired at least 100 subsequent novels, films, and other works.
Furthermore, Poe is known for his contributions to the fields of science fiction and horror literature. Many critics view his short stories as laying out many basic principles of both genres.