The presentation of material distinguishes muckraking from yellow journalism. Political corruption, industrial monopolies, and dishonest commercial activities are examples of early muckraking journalism.... "Yellow" journalism uses more sensational headlines and colorful coverage of current events for profit.
Muckraking journalists often take on corporate interests to expose wrongdoing or lack of regulation. They may do so by filing lawsuits, writing letters to the editor, organizing demonstrations, or any other means available to them.
Sensationalism in journalism has always existed, but it became a major factor in the development of the media during the Gilded Age. Outrageous headlines and exaggerated or false news stories were used by publishers to attract readers and viewers. Some contemporary examples include the use of terror tactics such as hostage taking, violence, or threats of violence to get readers' attention and make them buy newspapers; today this practice is known as splicing. Other examples include reporting the results of actual elections with less than half the votes counted or predicting the outcome before all the votes are in.
After the invention of mass communication technologies, such as radio and television, some journalists began to abuse their power by broadcasting false messages in an attempt to influence public opinion. The most famous example of this practice is probably Joseph Stalin's claim that "the only truth is the party line".
Muckraking journalists do not go too far in their pursuit of their stories since they are utilizing their positions to expose the flaws of the government, big business, and society; this is helpful to the American people. Muckrakers write about what they know and expose it since that is what journalism is all about.
Muckraking was first used in print by journalist Lincoln Steffens who wrote under several names including Mark Sullivan. He used the term to describe his own work during an interview with historian John Brooks in 1975. Sullivan said that he had begun to use the term because "he wanted to catch the attention of publishers who were not already considering him one".
Sullivan's work as a muckraker brought light to abuses within the government bureaucracy and helped create the modern investigative reporting industry. During his tenure as a reporter for the Chicago Daily News, he exposed crooked politicians, police officers, and other officials through his articles which led to them being prosecuted or removed from office. One example of this is when he uncovered that Mayor Carter Harrison II had accepted a bribe from the city's garbage collector to ignore complaints about the stench from the man's yard. This caused Harrison to resign from office.
Another example is when he revealed that President William Howard Taft had been awarded marksmanship medals that he did not deserve.
Muckraking journalism was prevalent, urgent, and important between 1903 and 1906. The "interests" (what we call "special interests" now) posed a threat to the commonwealth; the press fought the interests.
According to the Huffington Post, some of today's muckrakers include Paul Krugman, Jacob Hacker, Paul Pierson, and Gretchen Morgenson. These authors write about social, political, and economic reform. They do not, however, have the same level of popularity as the original muckrakers.
From the 1890s through the 1920s, the muckrakers were a group of journalists that turned American society upside down by exposing corruption and enlightening readers about major social concerns. This word is frequently used to refer to journalists who follow in their footsteps by releasing exposes and battling corruption.
The term was first used to describe members of the staff of the Chicago Daily News who in the early 1890s exposed political corruption in Illinois. They used their articles to criticize government officials for their mismanagement of public funds and abuse of power. After moving to New York City, they continued to expose wrongdoing in politics and business. Many prominent figures were criticized by the muckrakers including William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Muckraking has been called the alternative press of its time because it circulated independently of established newspapers and had a similar effect on society. It brought attention to issues such as police brutality, labor conditions, electoral fraud, and other problems in our society that would have otherwise been covered up.
In conclusion, the muckrakers were journalists who exposed wrongdoings in politics and business that others wanted kept secret. Their efforts led to important changes in America over the years.
While some journalists disliked the term "muckraker," others were proud of it and went too far, especially when writing about political corruption. Later, term was applied to investigative journalists who reported on and revealed commercial and government concerns, causing moral indignation among individuals. The word comes from the Irish name for a small rodent, meaning "inquisitor."
Muckraking is a journalism technique that has been used extensively in America since the publication of the Chicago Daily Tribune's first muckraking article in 1872. By exposing poor treatment of workers in factories and exploitation by corporations, muckrakers helped establish labor laws in many states. Before the advent of modern journalism schools, muckraking was popularized by independent newspapers that employed staff reporters who were not affiliated with any political party.
In the years following World War I, muckraking became associated with political activism as well as journalism, leading some observers to describe all journalistic work as muckraking since most articles exposed some form of wrongdoing. Investigative reporting by journalists working for newspapers, magazines, and radio stations uncovered abuses by politicians, bureaucrats, business people, and others involved in state and federal government. Often, these stories resulted in changes being made either inside or outside the institutions mentioned in the reports. Although many journalists believed that their work was important, others saw it as a waste of time because they thought that nothing could be done to improve society.
The use of gruesome features and sensationalized news in newspaper printing to attract readers and improve circulation is known as yellow journalism. The word was coined in the 1890s to characterize the aggressive rivalry between two New York City newspapers, the World and the Journal. Both papers were owned by the Osborn family; they hired young reporters who were eager to make their names at any cost. They believed that shocking readers with violent stories would help them sell more newspapers.
Yellow journalism came at a time when many American newspapers were failing because they were not focusing enough on local issues. The need for such journalism was so great that it can be said it led to the creation of many modern news genres, including crime reporting, political coverage, and sports writing.
In addition to attracting readers, yellow journalism was important for New York newspapers because it generated revenue through advertising. Publishers used anything they could to attract customers, from free giveaways in magazines to discount tickets to show-stealing musical acts. These methods worked because people were hungry for information about what was happening in the world outside their neighborhoods. When they heard about some scandal in Washington, D.C., or some athlete who had just won a big race, readers wanted to know about it right away!
There are several reasons why print journalism is becoming obsolete. First of all, since everyone has access to online news sources, they cannot rely on printed newspapers to cover their needs.