As a writer, John Dryden is noted for his versatility and success in a variety of textual mediums (poetry, prose, plays). Dryden's translations of Homer, Lucretius, Horace, Ovid, Juvenal, Persius, Giovanni Boccaccio, Geoffrey Chaucer, and, most famously, Virgil were also immensely influential. As a critic, he is known for his sharp judgments and wide knowledge of literature.
Dryden was born on March 23, 1572 in London. His father was a wealthy merchant who had recently returned from working in the Spanish Empire, so the family was well off. He was educated at Cambridge University, where he studied classical literature, and then at Oxford, where he became a fellow of Corpus Christi College in 1595. He soon gained recognition as a poet and orator, and in 1631 was appointed secretary to Charles I. During this time, he wrote many poems criticizing King Charles and defending the parliamentary cause. In 1648, after the execution of Charles I, he withdrew from public life and lived in relative poverty until his death in 1667.
In addition to being a talented poet and orator himself, John Dryden is regarded as one of the leading poets of the English language. He is best known for his translations of Latin and Greek poets, but he also wrote several original poems. One of his earliest works, "Absalom and Achitophel", was written when he was just twenty-one years old.
Shakespeare's impact has spread beyond conventional literature and theater to modern films, western philosophy, and the English language. He is regarded as one of the finest English-language authors, having contributed new concepts to novels, plays, and dramas, as well as changing the world of poetry.
Shakespeare influenced other writers through his help in creating the English language theater industry. He is considered the father of modern drama because of his introduction of independent thought and action into plays. His use of dramatic irony, a term first coined by Friedrich Schiller for a plot device that reveals something about the character of an act or scene later in the play, was influential to later playwrights such as George Bernard Shaw and Anton Chekhov.
Shakespeare also influenced philosophers because of its complexity. Aristotle is believed to have been influenced by his work, especially "The Poetics". This book explores the elements necessary to create a successful drama and can be considered the first treatise on cinema history. Furthermore, he proposed that emotions should be expressed through words rather than actions, which influenced John Milton and other poets who wrote about human emotion.
Shakespeare's ideas on friendship have had an impact on philosophers such as David Hume and Samuel Johnson. They both cited him as an influence on their ideas on friendship. Additionally, Winston Churchill is said to have admired Shakespeare's ability to capture greatness in human characters.
William Shakespeare has left an indelible imprint on English literature. He is also acknowledged as being one of the first writers to employ contemporary language in his works; in fact, the popularity of prose in Shakespeare's period is plainly demonstrated as he used prose gradually more throughout his career. Shakespeare's influence on later writers is evident from many examples including Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford; James Joyce; and Virginia Woolf.
Shakespeare is regarded as the father of modern drama and the most popular playwright in history. His work continues to be performed worldwide and is studied in schools and universities across the globe.
He has been called "the world's greatest actor" and "a genius who changed the face of theater." In 1623, the year after his death, William Shakespeare was elected president of the acting company that performed his plays at the Globe Theatre. Today, he remains the only person ever to have been elected president of both the acting company at the Globe and the theatre itself.
Although he was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, and died in London at the age of 45, Shakespeare worked in writing plays in Edinburgh, Scotland and then in London. It was during this time that he gained recognition for his talents as a playwright.
His best-known plays include Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, and The Tempest.
Irving created considerably more than fiction. He published biographies, notably a five-volume work on George Washington. He also wrote a biography of Christopher Columbus and was instrumental for perpetuating the illusion that Columbus' detractors feared: the globe was flat. His essays and stories are credited with inspiring Americans to love their country and help it grow.
In addition to his history books, Irving is best known for his tales about the adventures of Rip Van Winkle and Ichabod Crane. These fictional characters became synonymous with New York City during the early 19th century when they were used on billboards to promote goods such as whiskey and cigars.
Many other writers have been called "the father of" something or other, but it is difficult to compare one era's literary standards to those of another. For example, while it is true that Samuel Johnson was the father of English criticism, he could not be considered the father of American literature because there was no such thing in his time. However, by today's standards he is very weak compared to Henry David Thoreau or Walt Whitman. In fact, according to some critics, Irving is even below them in quality.
It is clear that Washington Irving contributed to American literature by creating timeless stories that have inspired many people around the world. He showed Americans what they should value in life and helped them understand that there is no better place to live than America.
Tobias Smollet, a Scottish poet and novelist who authored lovely stories such as Roderick Random, influenced Charles Dickens (Citelighter). This prompted Charles Dickens to concentrate on description. He also admired Henry Fielding, the author of Tom Jones, who was noted for his witty humor.
Dickens's own sense of humor was important in creating some of his most famous characters. For example, he based Mrs. Gamp on a real-life nurse named Mary Ann Cotton who worked with him while he was writing Oliver Twist. Mr. Micawber is based on an acquaintance of Dickens's named Samuel Crisp who always seemed to be in trouble but would never admit it.
Another influence on Dickens was his love of theater. As a young man, he traveled around England performing in small theaters where he could hone his acting skills before large audiences. It was here that he learned how to hold an audience captive with his voice alone.
When Dickens wasn't working on novels, he managed public readings from his works. These readings helped him learn how to develop characters through their voices. Also, he met many people during these times who would later appear in his novels.
So, all in all, you can see why Tobias Smollett, Henry Fielding, and Charles Dickens are important influences in my writing style today.