Tchaikovsky wrote the 1812 Overture in six weeks, letting his imagination run wild with every note and subject intended to touch Russian hearts. The work was first performed on December 21, 1892, just months after the composer's death, with Vladimir Horowitz playing the solo part of the trumpet.
Tchaikovsky began work on the overture shortly after receiving a request from the director of the Moscow Imperial Theatre for an "overture for great occasions." He immediately set to work on it, completing it in six weeks. The premiere took place on December 21, 1892, just months after the composer's death, with Vladimir Horowitz playing the solo part of the trumpet.
The theme of the 1812 Overture is based on events from Napoleon's retreat from Russia after his defeat at the battle of Berezina. It tells of Napoleon's return from exile on Elba and his attempt to regain control of France and Europe. The work uses many popular elements of nineteenth-century military music, including marches, fanfares, and salutes, but it also includes some original material written by Tchaikovsky. A scherzo follows, then comes a long introduction which leads into a rousing finale that ends with a triumphant salute to the sun.
The 'The Year 1812' festival overture, often known as the '1812 Overture,' was composed by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893) in 1880 during the romantic period. A program item, the 1812 Overture, is a wonderful illustration of Tchaikovsky's nationalist impact. The work has come to symbolize Russia and its people, and is played at major sporting events such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup.
It has been called "the most beautiful piece of music in the world." The New York Times described it as "a tour de force of orchestral writing," while The Guardian wrote that it is "arguably the greatest piece of orchestral music ever written."
Tchaikovsky began work on the score in June 1880 but did not complete it until January 1881. He first performed the work on 23 February 1881 in Moscow with a Russian orchestra conducted by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. The audience gave him a standing ovation after each movement of the three-part work had been played.
The Romantic era brought about a renewed interest in all things European, including music. Many musicians of this time were influenced by composers such as Beethoven, Mozart, and Chopin. They sought to reproduce these artists' styles in their own compositions. Tchaikovsky was no exception; he admired these men greatly and used many elements from them in his own work.
1880: 1812 Overture/Composed 49 is a concert overture in E major written in 1880 by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to celebrate Russia's victorious resistance against Napoleon's invading Grande Armee in 1812. The work is best known for its use of cannon fire at the end of the piece.
Tchaikovsky began work on the overture in January 1880 but wasn't satisfied with his own version so he re-worked it several times before finally submitting it for a public performance on November 9, 1890, at the Second Imperial Moscow Music Ball, which was also attended by Tsar Alexander III and other high-ranking officials. The event was held to honor the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino, when Napoleon tried but failed to invade Russia. In addition to the 1812 Overture, Tchaikovsky presented a selection of his own songs as well as pieces by Beethoven, Mozart, and Schubert.
The 1812 Overture has been called "the greatest war celebration in all music" and has often been performed during world wars. It is particularly associated with the ending of World War II in Europe, where it became an iconic image of victory over Nazi Germany. The Soviet government made an official request that the piece be played at Stalin's funeral, which took place in 1953.