A graphic novel is a book-length, full, and single-story comic. Graphic novels are lengthier than comic books, ranging in length from 48 to 500 pages. They often include additional content such as essays, scripts, art portfolios, or other materials related to the creation of the work.
In the United States, the graphic novel market is dominated by publishers who produce trade paperback and hardcover editions designed to be read either individually or as part of a series. These publishers include: Marvel Comics, DC Comics, Dark Horse Comics, Image Comics, Viz Media, and Penguin Group (USA). In addition, there are small independent publishers who focus on releasing limited edition comics.
The graphic novel format was first introduced in France in 1972 with La Saga de Guernica by Jean Giraud. It was also used by American publishers for their limited edition collections of comic strips, such as Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck. In 1978, Italian publisher Sergio Bonelli began publishing "mini-series" that would come to define the genre, including Il Postino (The Postman) by Leonardo Sciascia which ran for 52 chapters between 1979 and 1989.
By the early 1990s, the graphic novel had become popular in Europe and North America. Today, it is one of the most successful formats in the comic book industry.
A graphic book, as the name implies, is a novel that communicates the entire plot through drawings. A graphic book comprises three parts: the beginning, the middle, and the end. Even if it is part of a series, a graphic book will provide the sort of resolution that one would expect from a novel. Although comics have been used to tell stories for centuries, it was not until the twentieth century that they were given the status of literature.
Every story has some form of conflict between two or more characters. This conflict can be resolved in many different ways, but only one outcome is possible at the end of each chapter or issue. The artist must make sure this conclusion is clear enough for the reader to understand and accept. If it isn't, then he or she has every right to ask themselves what kind of story they are reading.
Graphic novels are published in much the same way as other books. However, since they contain more drawn than written words, they should be treated with respect. Don't throw them, hit them with any tool available to you, or otherwise abuse them. As with all books, graphic novels deserve a good home where they will be cared for and not exposed to extreme temperatures or conditions.
Book covers and panels are important elements in telling a story through pictures. Many readers say that they feel like they know the characters after looking at their faces. This is especially true if there are no names listed on the cover.
The tale is delivered utilizing a combination of words and pictures in a sequence across the page to be termed a graphic novel rather than a picture book or illustrated novel. Graphic novels, like their prose counterparts, can be of any genre and convey any sort of tale. They are usually longer and more complex than picture books, with more detail and room for interpretation by the reader.
Graphic novels are printed in black and white and use drawings to tell their story. Although artists such as William Blake, Henry Darger, and Art Spiegelman have created notable works in this format, most modern graphic novels are produced using computer technology. The term "graphic novel" was first used by English editor and publisher Alan Moore who defined it as a "a comic strip that includes both text and image."
Modern graphic novels are published in a variety of sizes from pocket-sized to wall-mounted. Like other comics, they are easy to read cover-to-cover for maximum enjoyment. However, since they are longer than typical novels many different sections may be read at once or over time. This multi-stage process allows readers to find out what happens next in the story.
Graphic novels are commonly sold in bookstores, but also available online and from some large chain bookstores such as Barnes & Noble. These can be hard copies or e-books, depending on the vendor.
Graphic books are excellent reading material. Graphic novels, like regular books, include interesting and intricate narratives, characters, and conflicts. Conflicts are presented, unraveled, and resolved in the same way as they are in other works. The main distinction is that graphic novels contain more graphics to aid in the plot's development. For example, a comic book may show scenes from several different angles, revealing details about the setting or the characters not readily apparent from one single perspective.
Graphic novels are usually longer than traditional novels. They often span over 100 pages, while traditional books rarely exceed 20 or 30 pages. This is because the story can be told in fewer pages if it so chooses; for example, one could imagine a version of Pinocchio where everything that happens to him after he gets stuck in the tree is omitted.
Similarly, one could imagine a version of Hamlet where all that matters is that at some point shortly before his death, the prince goes mad. Everything else about him being born to a king, having problems with his father, fighting Laertes, etc.. Is irrelevant to this version of the story.
The term "graphic novel" was first used by comics creator Alan Moore in an interview with Steve Greenberger of Library Journal in 1991. He said: "I think we're well into our second wave of graphic novels now.