"Sonnet 18" by William Shakespeare is an extended metaphor in which the speaker compares his loved one to a summer day. Summer days are full of life and energy, but they also must come to an end eventually. Just like the lover cannot stay forever young and beautiful, neither can a summer day.
Shakespeare uses language to create images that bring to mind what he wants the reader to understand. In this case, the speaker is saying that just like a summer day, his love is beautiful but it must also come to an end. With each passing year, the day gets shorter and shorter, until one morning you wake up and it's gone. So in reality, the lover is never really old or young, but instead he is just as likely to be tomorrow as today. And just like every day, there will come a time when he will leave you alone again.
Metaphors are comparisons using other things that share some quality with what is being compared. For example, if I were to say that my friend was like water, I would be making a metaphorical comparison because water is fluid and flexible, and my friend likes you enough to tell you exactly how she feels without hiding her emotions behind a wall of silence.
He said she is much more "temperate" than in the summer, when there are "strong winds." He also claims she has a better complexion than the sun, which is sometimes "dimm'd away" or fades. The poet ends by saying that although these things are true, he would still want to be with her even on the worst of days.
An extended metaphor is when one thing is used to describe another thing that is not immediately apparent. In this case, the summer day is used as a comparison for how her love feels to him. A person's temperate vs. hot/cold temperaments are obvious comparisons but other attributes can be used as well. For example, he could have said that she is brighter than the sun on the hottest day of the year, or that she is more beautiful than any star at night, etc.
The sonnet was written for someone who had just one week left to live. It seems she was sick most of the summer and the wind blows on every side. This must have been quite a shock for the poet. But he says all those things still apply even though she is no longer alive.
Shakespeare was born in April 1564 and died in April 1616. She was only 46 years old when she died. So the sonnet is about her beauty and how it changed over time.
Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare is a sonnet in which the character, who is profoundly in love with his sweetheart, compares her to summer. The analogy is based on the beauty and splendor of a summer day. Because this sonnet was probably written as a reply to some other poem, it is called a "reply-sonnet".
The poet begins by saying that his love is like the morning sun. He then goes on to say that even though the sun sets every night, its rising again in the morning makes the previous night's sunset seem like nothing more than a cloud that covers it for a little while.
This short but beautiful poem is one of the most popular in the entire collection. It has been quoted by many writers and artists over the years because of its simple yet profound comparison between love and sunlight.
Shakespeare was only 25 when he wrote this sonnet. It shows that he was still trying to find himself and explore different ways of expressing his feelings towards women. But he had already written several other famous sonnets so he must have enjoyed writing this one too.
Now let's see how it measures up to today's standard of poetry.
This sonnet was not meant to be read as a whole. It was instead composed of three quatrains and a final couplet.
The long metaphor comparing Shakespeare's lover to a summer's day that runs throughout "Sonnet 18" is the sonnet's most conspicuous figure of speech. "But thine endless summer shall not fade," as opposed to comparing the lover's beauty to an eternal summer, is a metaphor inside the sonnet-long extended metaphor.
This sonnet is famous for its melancholy first line: "Shakespeare's love lyrics are sweet and sad." The word "sweet" here means "pleasant to think about or speak of," while "sad" means "full of sorrow or grief." Together, this line makes reference to how Shakespeare's poems and plays often include references to love lost, such as in this case where the poet loses his love to another man.
Throughout the sonnet, Shakespeare uses many figures of speech to describe the lover's beauty and then compare it to something else. Here are just some of them:
Metaphors are expressions which refer to one thing in order to explain what is being said about another thing. Shakespeare uses metaphors frequently in his work in order to enhance the meaning of his sentences. Metaphors can also give shape to ideas or feelings that would otherwise be difficult to express in English language.
A comparison is a sentence or set of sentences that explains how two things are similar.