The poem is broken into three quatrains, with each line rhyming. One rhyming couplet follows the quatrains. A quatrain is a stanza of four lines. A couplet is two lines of poem that can stand on their own. Thus, a concrete poem has 14 lines in all.
Concrete poetry was invented by American poet Charles Olson who published it in his book The Maximus Poems in 1968. He called it "action writing".
Olson defined it as "the intentional creation of objects and events primarily for others' enjoyment." He also said that it could be used to express anything that couldn't be said clearly without using words or concepts from the language itself.
Thus, concrete poetry is any piece of art that uses only the letters of the alphabet to create images that convey ideas instead of being represented by objects such as paintings or sculptures.
In concrete poetry, meaning is expressed through form, not content. Form is what makes some poems more effective than others; content is what people attach to those forms. For example, one cannot say much with just the letters ABCDEFG but what they mean is different if you insert words between them. Likewise, one can write about any topic using only the letters of the alphabet but it will lose its meaning when read aloud or seen in print.
A quatrain poem is a poem with four rhymed lines that alternate. As a result, the first and third lines, as well as the second and fourth lines, conclude with a word that rhymes with each other. The quatrain poem can also be written in one of two rhythms: 1,2,1,2 or 1,1,2,2. A quatrain poem usually has fourteen syllables per line, although some poets may choose to use different numbers of syllables per line.
The form of the quatrain poem is very popular in Europe and parts of Asia, but it is rarely found in North America. However, several modern American poets have used variations on the quatrain form, including Robert Frost, John Keats, and William Wordsworth.
Formal elements of a quatrain poem:
- It has four lines that alternately end in weak or strong syllabic units. This means that half of the time, the last line will have two syllables and the first line will have six syllables; the other half of the time, the last line will have four syllables and the first line will have two syllables.
- Each line contains an equal number of words (or monosyllabic units). This means that there are either seven or eight words on average in a quatrain poem, depending on how you count the final punctuation mark.
Everything relies on the author, his motivation, and the message he want to convey. A couplet, for example, is a two-line stanza. A tercet is a three-stanza poetry, a quartrait is a four-stanza poem, and the sonnet, which is a fourteen-stanza poem, is the most popular.
In general, a poem has between one and several hundred stanzas. While some poems have more than one session, such as Milton's Paradise Lost, others are complete in themselves, such as "The Nightingale" by Ovid. The number of stanzas in a poem can vary depending on how short or long the poet wants the poem to be.
In addition to the number of lines that make up each stanza, other factors may also affect the number of stanzas in a poem. Some poets choose not to divide their poems into stanzas at all, while others may write multiple sections that do not correspond to traditional stanza forms. For example, William Blake wrote prose paragraphs that included both regular words and symbolic drawings called "ballads". These could be considered separate poems or parts of a larger poem. Charles Dickens also used these paragraph structures when writing stories instead of poems - they are similar to scenes in a play or album. These are just two examples of how others have chosen to structure their poems without following any set rules.