Less than 300 words is considered fair usage. (This is a subjective threshold that the court has not fully articulated.) Longer passages may also be fair use if they are essential to understand the work being criticized or otherwise contribute significantly to the discussion of an issue.
In other words, the more you take out of the book, article or video the less likely it is going to be deemed as fair use.
However, even if some of the material in your use is copyrighted, you are still permitted to copy it if you meet the requirements of fair use.
The four factors used by courts to determine whether something is fair use:
1 The purpose of the use. Is the use commercial or non-commercial? If commercial, is it transformative?
2 The nature of the copyrighted work. Are we dealing with fiction or non-fiction? What kind of work is it?
3 The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the whole work as well as how much access the user had to the original work.
4 The effect of the use on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
1 page (preferably); 400 words maximum over 1-4 paragraphs (ideally 3); certain journals limit this to 350 words (e.g., ABC); 5-10 references Results: 2-3 pages of text, figures, and tables as needed; no more than 1,000 words spread throughout 4-9 paragraphs; generally without references. An abstract should be no more than 200 words.
Pages are usually allowed but may take up to 2 pages (if you use the acronym method). Words must be counted by using a word processor or directly in an online editor such as WordCount. Grammarly is a free tool for checking spelling, grammar, and word usage within your writing.
Research papers are written on specific topics that have been previously studied or investigated. As a general rule, they should be concise yet comprehensive enough to include all relevant information about their subjects. Each research paper should have a clear objective identified at the beginning of the document and a conclusion summarizing the main ideas or findings.
In addition to the above, research papers need to be original and not published before. They also need to follow the correct format, which includes a formal title, author's name, abstract, introduction, body, conclusion, and reference list. Many academic journals require authors to submit a completed manuscript while others accept unsolicited submissions. In general, research papers are considered articles so they should be submitted to an appropriate journal. There are many websites that will publish your paper for a fee.
250 words equals 0.5 single-spaced pages or 1 double-spaced page. Short memos, blog entries, and marketing copy are examples of 250-word documents. When utilizing regular margins (1 inch) and 12 pt. Arial or Times New Roman font, a 250 word count will provide around 0.5 pages single-spaced or 1 page double-spaced. Longer papers should be split into several pieces with a title page containing the paper's name, author's name, address, phone number, email address, and abstract.
The typical sentence length is about 20 words. Thus, the typical paragraph is 10 sentences long. This means that you can write approximately 200 words per minute, which is quite fast! Most people can write much faster than that, though; some report writing speeds as high as 400 words per minute. The important thing is that you don't OVERWRITE your letters! You want to give the reader a clear message in just a few short paragraphs. Long-winded descriptions, for example, tend to confuse readers rather than inform them.
The average person comprehends only about five or six ideas at a time. This means that you need to be selective about what information you include when writing your letter. Generally, you want to focus on a few key points while avoiding giving away proprietary information by discussing other topics extensively. Consider using bullets and subheads to make your letter more readable.
It is helpful if you have someone else read over your letter before you send it.