As a result, each article accepted for publication is subject to an article-processing charge (APC) of PS865/$1355/EUR1105. At the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, Pastoralism may waive the APC for a number of articles. Authors should contact the Editor-in-Chief if they have not received confirmation from PS within four weeks of submitting their manuscript.
The APC covers editing, production management, and copyright fees. It does not include authors' royalties or submission charges (if applicable).
An author's institution may be asked to cover some or all of this fee. If so, we will notify you and you can discuss this with your institution before proceeding.
Editorial managers at PS work directly with authors to review submissions, communicate about revisions, and produce published articles. Therefore, the exact amount that an individual editor might spend on publishing duties would depend on their level within the journal hierarchy as well as their workload. However, an editorial manager could expect to spend between 20% and 50% of their time working on pastoralism articles.
Of the approximately 80 staff members at PS, about half are involved in one way or another with the publication process. Some are responsible for editing, others for design, copyediting, or typesetting; still others work on outreach projects such as creating web resources or organizing conferences.
Elsevier's APCs range from around $150 to almost $6,000 USD excluding VAT, depending on the publication, with costs clearly indicated on our Article Publishing Charge (APC) price list and on journal homepages. Please visit our pricing page to understand more about how and why we charge articles differently.
Only authors who have made their work open access can ensure that their results are available to all people free of charge. We believe that making research freely available is important for society as a whole and should be supported by funding bodies and institutions.
Authors should be aware that although they may be able to find waivers or discounts for specific journals or publishers, these may not be available in all cases. As well, some journals may require that certain types of study be open access while others may not. Finally, not all publishers are created equal. Some may have higher fees than others, use unfair practices such as open access "green" publishing, or require pre-publication registration of patents which limits freedom of speech. Thus, it is important for researchers to do their homework before agreeing to pay for publication.
It is also important for scientists to be clear about what type of license they need to use materials published under their name. If you want to make your work open access but also allow other parties to sell products based on this work, then you need an open license. This could be one of several options available through the Creative Commons network.
Writers and agencies charge anything from $100 to $2000 for a 2000-word blog post, much like website content. Generally, when your word count grows, you may expect to pay more. So, regardless of who you work with to develop the content, you'll probably spend more for a 3000 word blog post than you would for an 800 word blog article. However, you can usually find articles with counts less than 2000 words online for free or with very little cost.
Some content writers and bloggers may ask you to cover their expenses as well as your own when they write about topics they are passionate about. For example, if I were to write about food blogging on my site, I might ask my readers to help me cover the costs of cooking meals for myself and my husband so that we could eat. While this is not common practice, it is possible for writers to be paid for their opinions.
The average salary range for content writers is $50K - $80K depending on experience. New graduates should expect to make less than someone with more experience. However, those without any experience at all can still earn up to $40K depending on their writing talent and their ability to connect with audiences.
Content writing is a growing field with many opportunities available. It is possible to make a living as a writer by contributing to various websites and blogs across the web. The more original content you produce, the more opportunities you will have and the higher your earnings will be.