I am 283 years old. Today marks the 283rd anniversary of the Belfast News Letter, the world's oldest English-language daily newspaper. It was founded on November 19, 1762, by William Jackson, who had been appointed editor by then British prime minister Lord North.
It has been described as "the most important newspaper in Northern Ireland", and it is still published today by its descendant company, The News Letter Company, which also publishes the Dublin Evening Mail and the South Wales Echo. The Belfast News Letter covers news from Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom, with a special focus on politics and business in the province. It includes articles on all aspects of life including sport, entertainment, food, drink, fashion, education, science and technology.
The paper was first issued twice weekly, but now appears daily online and in print. It remains one of the only newspapers to be printed entirely in northern Britain.
In 1967, the Belfast News Letter began publishing at night using electric light for the first time. Previously, it had been read by candlelight under glass covers.
It is sold throughout Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, and several other countries including Canada, New Zealand, India and Pakistan.
The newspaper The London Gazette The London Gazette claims to be the oldest newspaper in England. Its inaugural issue, titled The Oxford Gazette, was published on November 7, 1665. It has been published without interruption since then.
It began as a private publication, but was later taken over by the Royal Court until it was purchased by Henry Fuseli in 1732. He in turn sold it to John Nicholson in 1765. The Nicholson family owned and operated it until it was bought by Edward Thring in 1877. That year it changed its name to The London Gazette, having become a government-issued newspaper the previous year.
Its first issue came out just four days after King Charles II was restored to the throne following his father's death in 1660. The paper was originally called The Oxford News because it was published out of Oxford University until it became fully commercial in 1732.
In addition to English, The London Gazette is also printed in French and German. It is estimated that these three languages cover about 50% of the content available in the newspaper.
There are several other newspapers that have been published in the United Kingdom at some point in their history. Some are still published today while others not so much.
The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper produced by Independent News & Media in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The daily has historically been "favored by the Protestant populace," while also being read within Catholic nationalist groups in Northern Ireland, reflecting its unionist background. It often reports on issues of interest to both communities.
It was founded as the Northern Whig in 1817 by Henry Grattan Guinness (grandson of Arthur Guinness) and remained so named for nearly 100 years. In 1927 it changed its name to the Belfast Telegraph, adopting its present title in 1995. The paper is published six days a week and has an estimated average circulation of 60,000 copies. It is based at Sunrise House in east Belfast.
The Belfast Telegraph is one of the oldest newspapers in Ireland and one of the most prestigious journalistic institutions in the country. The paper's history dates back to the late 1810s when it was founded by Henry Grattan Guinness, grandson of Arthur Guinness, as a rival to the Irish Times. The Irish Whig had been established in 1777 by George Montgomery but failed to compete with the dominance of the Irish Times so folded after only seven months. In 1817, the Northern Whig was launched by Guinness family members in collaboration with William Smith O'Brien who owned the other main Dublin newspaper, the United Irishman.
Eoin Brannigan is the editor. It has been published every day since it began in 1884.
It has the largest circulation of any newspaper in Northern Ireland and is second only to The Guardian in the UK. The paper is based at its headquarters on Botanic Avenue in the city's southside.
It is available from over 500 distribution points throughout Northern Ireland, Britain and Europe. In addition to its printed edition, the Belfast Telegraph website receives more than 3 million visits each month.
A sister publication is the Dublin Telegraph which was launched on 15 May 2009. It covers news from across Ireland and the Irish diaspora.
Both the Belfast Telegraph and the Dublin Telegraph are part of the INM group.
INM also operates the Evening Herald in Edinburgh and the South Wales Argus. These newspapers are distributed free every evening through out these regions.
Independent News & Media (INM) was founded in 1998 when the former owner of the Belfast Telegraph, Richard Barnett, decided to split his business into two separate companies.
BelfastLive is part of the Reach PLC Group, the United Kingdom's largest newspaper, magazine, and digital publisher, with a print and online portfolio that reaches 38.6 million people monthly. Belfast Live has no barrier and is available to readers for free on the web and as an app. It includes news, sport, entertainment, school news, politics, business, opinion, and crosswords.
They also produce magazines such as Northern Soul, Which? Travel, and Sport Who's Who.
Belfast Live was founded in 1999 and is based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The editor is Roy Delaney and the deputy editor is Michelle Devine.
It is owned by the Irish News Group (ING), which also owns the Irish Independent. The chairman is Michael Devereux and the chief executive is David McClure.
The company reported annual revenues of $75 million in 2010 and employs more than 800 people.
There are several other daily newspapers published in Northern Ireland including the Daily Mail and the Evening Telegraph. There are also weekly newspapers such as The People's Paper and The Newsletter. In addition, there are several month-old newspapers such as the award-winning Fortnight which focuses on music and film.
Most newspapers have a broad focus; they cover topics that interest many people.