When writing an introduction, you should typically use a "general to specific" structure. That is, introduce the particular problem or topic the essay will address in a general sense to provide context before narrowing down to your particular position and line of argument. For example, if your essay were on the subject of violence, you would begin by discussing what causes people to act violently, then move on to examine how culture affects violence, before concluding with some suggestions for preventing violence.
In order for your audience to understand why you believe what you do, you need to explain explicitly what the issue is that you are addressing with your essay. You can do this by defining terms that may not be familiar to your audience, such as when writing about science topics. You could also discuss cases where there is disagreement about the issue so your audience can understand where you stand. For example, if your essay were on the relationship between science and religion, you might start by discussing instances where scientists have been persecuted for their work, then move on to discuss ways in which science has helped humanity, before finally concluding with some recommendations for how science and religion should work together.
Your introduction should give readers insight into who you are and what you think about the issue at hand. It should also set up the main points you plan to make throughout the essay by providing context and background information.
The introduction's objective is to provide your reader a clear picture of what your essay will address. That is, establish background by introducing the specific problem or topic the essay will cover before limiting down to your own perspective and line of argument. Introductions are also used to draw readers into the body of the essay by narrating the history of the subject matter or by explaining the significance of certain events/people involved.
In order for the introduction to achieve these goals it must include: a statement of the issue or problem, identification of relevant facts, discussion of related theories or viewpoints, and a conclusion that summarizes the main points raised in the essay.
An effective introduction should make your audience curious to know more about the topic at hand. If you can do this, they'll want to read on! Use historical events, statistics, cases studies, and other relevant material to create a context for the issue being discussed. This will help ensure your essay remains relevant today by tying it back to current events or problems.
Finally, be sure to end your introduction with a summary statement pointing back to the question or issue introduced in the first paragraph. This allows the reader to retain knowledge gained from the introduction while still wanting to find out what happens next!
The introduction is divided into two parts: It should incorporate a few broad comments about the topic to offer context for your essay and to pique the reader's interest. It should make an attempt to clarify why you are writing the essay. It might include a definition of terminology used in the context of the essay, for example. It can also provide additional information regarding the subject matter that may not be found in the body of the essay.
In addition to these purposes, the introduction can be used to attract readers with creative ways of getting their attention. For example, you could use dramatic tension to catch the reader's interest by revealing a secret or mystery about the topic. Or you could use conflict between ideas or opinions to get readers thinking and discussing issues related to your topic.
Finally, the introduction should leave readers wanting more. If it fails to hold their interest or satisfy their questions, they will likely not read on. So try not to overwhelm readers with information; instead, keep it simple and direct them to the part of the essay where they can find the answers to any questions they may have.