The results section should simply present the facts without prejudice or interpretation, and it should be organized logically. Always write the results section in the past tense. For example, if your study found that students who eat breakfast tend to get better grades, then the results section should read: "Breakfast is linked with higher scores on language tests." The paper should not say that students who eat breakfast "will" get better grades; instead, it should say that this is one result of the study.
If you want to include other findings from your study in the results section, do so under two headings: primary findings and secondary findings. Primary findings are those things for which you originally set out to collect data. In our breakfast example, these would be the scores on the language tests. Secondary findings are additional items that were discovered during the course of the study. They may or may not be related to the original question. For example, we could list as secondary findings the gender differences found in the study- more on this later. -"
Secondary findings help readers understand what was known about the topic before the study began, and they can also help explain how certain results were expected to change or become different after the study was conducted.
The outcomes section is where you describe your study's conclusions based on the technique [or methods] you used to collect data. The outcomes of the research should be stated in a logical manner, without prejudice or interpretation, in the results section. Try not to be biased towards any result as this will affect how you report your findings.
Depending on the nature of your research question, your outcomes may include:
Results that support or fail to support your hypothesis (or both). Hypothesis testing is usually done with multiple studies, and each study can provide evidence for or against the hypothesis. If a single study reveals contradictory results, this would suggest that there was error in the study or its execution. In this case, additional studies are needed to verify the original finding.
Interpretations of the data that follow from your results. For example, if you studied the effects that different doses of caffeine have on people, your results could be reported in terms of how much caffeine they contained. You might then need to make an inference about how these doses affected the participants - perhaps something like "Caffeine appears to have no effect on mood." This conclusion follows directly from the data presented in the study.
Recommendations for future practice. It is important to state clearly what actions, if any, can be taken from the results of the study.
The outcomes section of your research paper is where you report your study's conclusions based on the data acquired as a consequence of the technique [or methods] you used. The results section should simply present the facts, without prejudice or interpretation, and should be organized logically. As with any scientific article, the results section should be written so that it can be read by a broad audience.
In addition to presenting the findings of your study clearly and accurately, the results section should include some discussion about the implications of these findings for future research and practice.
Finally, the results section should include a summary statement outlining the main points raised by the study.
Examples: "In conclusion, we found that people like leaders who are honest and trustworthy."; "These results suggest that to better serve our customers, we should emphasize customer service skills over sales skills"; "Based on this study, we can conclude that employees feel more motivated when their employer offers competitive wages."
Remember that your readers will likely have various opinions on many of the issues discussed in your study, so try not to take a position on too many things at once. Rather, let the results of your study speak for themselves.
As you write your results section, keep in mind that it is an opportunity to summarize what has been learned from your study, but also to highlight areas for future research.
As with any other part of the paper, the results section should be written so that it can be understood by a broad audience. In other words, keep your writing simple and clear.
The results of your research are information or data that are obtained from an experiment or study. The type of information that can be reported in the results section includes quantitative data (e.g., percentages, average scores) and qualitative data (e.g., observations, interviews).
Typically, the results section of a research paper is where the researcher reports the findings of his or her study. During this process, the researcher may discuss the significance of the findings or may simply describe them in detail. The results section should be concise yet comprehensive. It is important to provide sufficient evidence to support the claims made in the paper while avoiding unnecessary repetition.
Often, researchers organize their results into different categories to make their points more clearly. For example, if they wanted to show that one method was better than another at solving problems, they might compare the success rates achieved by each group.
The results section should endeavor to recount the findings without attempting to analyze or assess them, as well as offer a direction to the research paper's discussion part. The findings are provided, and the analysis is revealed. The writer outlines what was done with the data discovered in the analysis section.
An assessment of the research findings is then made, which includes consideration of the limitations of the study as well as implications for future research.
Finally, the writer suggests ways that the results can be applied by discussing alternatives that may help to overcome any barriers to implementation that were identified during the analysis phase of the study.
Result analysis in research is different from result interpretation. Result analysis focuses on presenting the findings clearly and accurately while result interpretation involves drawing conclusions about the significance of those findings.
In result analysis, the goal is to present information accurately and completely so that other researchers can build upon it or contradict it. As such, results should be presented in a manner that others can follow easily. This might include making summary tables or providing only sufficient detail that others can reproduce the study under the same conditions.
Results also need to be interpreted within the context of the study itself. This means that findings cannot simply be translated into other settings without taking into account differences between research projects.