The primary distinction between neoclassicism and romanticism is that the former valued objectivity, order, and restraint, whilst the latter emphasized imagination and passion. In contrast, the Romantics were eager to build a lyrical voice based on plain language. They wanted to express what they believed and felt without using any foreign words or concepts.
Modern readers often find it difficult to understand how anyone could have written beautiful poems about love and death when so much pain and suffering existed in the world. But the Romantics saw beauty in everything if you looked hard enough. Even death was full of joy because it meant someone loved you enough to keep you in their thoughts even after you were gone.
Another difference between neoclassicism and romanticism is that the first group of poets tried to copy ancient models, whereas the Romantics invented new forms. For example, John Keats wrote sonnets which had been published before him but they were not like anything we know today. He mixed ancient with modern styles to create something unique that no one had ever heard of before.
Neoclassicists such as Samuel Johnson and Alexander Pope praised the Romantics for trying new things but they themselves were more interested in copying ancient models than breaking new ground.
The Primary Distinction: Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism Neoclassicism and romanticism are sometimes seen as conflicting tendencies. However, these two elements can be found in many works of art produced during this time, so they cannot be the only determining factors.
Neoclassicism was an artistic movement that began in Italy around 1730 and continued through to the end of the 18th century. It is characterized by a return to the classical models of sculpture and architecture, which had been widely adopted during the Baroque period but were abandoned for more modern styles after 1720. Ancient Greek and Roman authors such as Homer, Virgil, and Horace were again read as models for successful composition, and their influence is evident in the work of many leading artists of the day. Caravaggio, Velázquez, Goya, and Reynolds are some of the most important contributors to neoclassical art.
Romanticism was also an aesthetic movement that began in Europe around 1770. It is characterized by intense emotionality, personal expression, and imaginative subject matter. Writers such as Goethe, Schiller, Byron, and Blake inspired many artists who were seeking new ways to express themselves. Classical themes still have a prominent place in romantic paintings, but they are usually combined with other subjects as well.
Romanticism was, in general, a reaction to the forms and customs of the eighteenth century. People learned how to think, feel, and act throughout the Age of Enlightenment. Neo-classicism established hard and fast guidelines that a poet, dramatist, or artist must follow in order to create a flawless piece. The Romantics rejected this approach to art as being limiting and boring. They sought originality and freedom in their work.
The main idea behind romanticism is that humanity is naturally creative and imaginative; we only need to free ourselves from the restraints of society to express this side of our nature. Also, the romantics believed that everyone has a divine spirit within them that needs to be released through music, poetry, and other artistic endeavors. Finally, they felt that love is the greatest power in the world and should be used with discretion.
In literature, the main figures of the romantic movement are William Shakespeare, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Samuel Johnson, Charles Darwin, and Alexander Pope. In music, people like Beethoven, Mozart, and Chopin were great contributors to the romantic movement.
After Napoleon was defeated in 1815, European culture began to change again. Classical music and ballet were brought back into style by Franz Joseph Haydn and Louis Daguerre. These things had been missing from society since before the French Revolution!
The romantic movement ended in 1848 with the birth of modern industry.
Neoclassicism endured an abnormally long time, suffocating innovation and limiting literary production. Only in 1836 did Romanticism begin to have a significant impact on Brazilian poetry, owing mostly to the efforts of the expatriate poet Gonçalves de Magalhaes. This movement was short-lived, however, as it collapsed under the weight of its own success.
Brazilian literature had its golden age between 1880 and 1930, with the emergence of modernism. The leading figure here was Carlos Gomes, who is still regarded as one of the greatest poets of all time. His work pre-dating that of William Shakespeare by almost 100 years has made him one of the most important writers in the history of English language poetry.
The coming of age of Brazil as a nation is reflected in its literature. With the abolition of slavery and the formation of a single-country state, a new spirit of freedom began to emerge. Poets such as José do Patrocínio or Castro Alves used their poems to protest against the invasion of Angola by France and Portugal in the late 19th century. Modernism brought about innovative styles and forms, such as the poem in one stanza composed of three lines of three feet (stanzas), which are all equal in length. This form was popularized by Cesário Veríssimo and remains one of the hallmarks of modern Portuguese poetry.
In a broader sense, Romanticism can be conceived as an adjective that is applicable to the literature of virtually any time period. With that in mind, anything from the Homeric epics to modern dime novels can be said to bear the stamp of Romanticism. However, if we limit ourselves to England and France only, then 1798-1848 would be a fair estimate of the onset of Romanticism as a literary movement.
Romanticism is defined by the presence of passion, enthusiasm, imagination, and often emotionality as its main characteristics. It is therefore not surprising that poets and writers of the era were often called "Romantics".
One of the most famous Romantics was William Wordsworth (1770-1850). He is best known for his poems "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey" and "Ode: Intimations of Immortality".
Another important poet was Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834). He is best known for his poem "Kubla Khan", but others also consider it to be a seminal work of Romantic poetry.
Other poets who are considered to be part of the Romantic movement include Oliver Goldsmith (1730-1774), Lord Byron (1788-1824), John Clare (1793-1864), and Jane Austen (1775-1817).