Whitman's poetry explores many of the topics prevalent in American Romanticism. His art contains a lot of nature, as well as comments on freedom and democracy, and a focus on individualism and the imagination. He is Romanticism's Poet Laureate.
Romanticism is a cultural movement that began in Europe around 1750 and had its main influence in the countries of Europe and America between about 1770 and 1850. It was characterized by a return to ancient Greek and Roman ideas and models, as well as by a rejection of modern civilization. Writers and artists associated with this movement often sought inspiration from natural phenomena and the landscape, and used music as a vehicle for expressing their feelings.
Some aspects of Romanticism can be seen in the work of other writers before and after Whitman, including George Byron and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. But no one else captured the spirit of this new movement like he did. The fact that Whitman published little of his own writing and lived out his life in New York City, far away from the world of literature and the arts, makes him all the more extraordinary.
He started publishing poems in newspapers when he was only thirty years old, and within a few years he became one of the most famous poets in the country. At the time, there were very few women writers (if any at all) so it wasn't surprising that most of his poems were written by men.
Whitman is often regarded as America's first democratic poet. His use of free poetry in his work represents a newly naturalized and approachable poetic language. His overriding themes—the person, the country, the body, the soul, and everyday life and work—reflect America's foundational principles. His poems also reflect the influence of European Romanticism and Classical Antiquity.
In addition to being one of the most important poets of the United States, Whitman was a leading figure in the development of modern poetry. He introduced iambic pentameter into English-language poetry, a form that has been widely adopted since then. His innovative use of blank verse, or simply "free verse," helped to usher in the modern era of poetry. Free verse is defined by its lack of formal constraints; it can be as strict or relaxed as the writer chooses. This flexibility allows for great creativity on the part of the poet.
Whitman published four collections of poems, all within five years after his birth in 1819. The last collection, Leaves of Grass, was published posthumously in 1855. It included poems written by Whitman between the ages of 20 and 70. The book became an international success and had a profound effect on European and American poetry.
Expert Verified Answer You did not supply the unit. However, Romantic poetry frequently dealt with themes of nature's beauty, emotions, and the speaker's uniqueness. They also displayed a high level of subjectivity and mystical spiritual apparitions. These poems were often written in blank verse or iambic pentameter.
The interaction between humans and their emotions, as well as the natural environment, is a key topic in Romantic poetry. The Romantic writers saw many parallels between our interior lives and the natural world: both might be enigmatic, wide and large, wild and free, and even scary. They also shared many dangers: madness, death, disappearance. But while the outward form of nature could be harsh and cruel, its inner spirit was believed to be infinite and benign.
Romantic poets were interested in how we perceive reality and what influences that perception. Some questioned if what we think we know is really true; others asked whether there are other ways of seeing things. One idea that runs through much Romantic writing is the belief that love is better than reason. Rational thinking is important; it can help us solve problems and come up with new ideas, but sometimes we need something more immediate and passionate to guide us. Love can give us hope when everything else seems lost, it can light the way when darkness surrounds us, and it can fill us with joy even when life brings only pain.
Love is also crucial for human survival. Without it people would lose interest in fighting for themselves or others, so evolution has made it essential for our mental health. Poets wrote about love because they wanted to express all that this mysterious emotion means for them.
Romantic poets were influenced by such thinkers as Kant, Hume, and Rousseau.
Romantic poets adore nature and appreciate it in all of its facets. They attempted to alleviate human pains by creating poetry on nature. As a result, romantic poets consider nature to be a source of inspiration. They speak in basic terms and personify nature as God, man, and so on. Poets such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, and Percy Bysshe Shelley were all influenced by the romantic movement.
Nature plays an important role in romantic literature. The poets try to show how beautiful nature is by using images and metaphors. They also use nature to express their feelings. For example, when William Wordsworth visits the Lake District, he experiences joy and peace of mind. These two emotions are expressed through natural objects around him. The lake reflects the sun's rays like a mirror and gives him hope that other people can feel pleasure too. Nature also helps the poets get rid of their problems by giving them opportunities for reflection.
Another aspect of nature that influences romantic poets is imagination. Many poems contain images or phrases that cannot be found in reality. This idea comes from the belief that what we imagine is as real as what actually exists. Imagination is very useful because it allows us to experience things that could not be done otherwise. For example, many people have imagined dancing with princesses and riding on lions but this has never happened to them in reality. However, they still enjoy reading about these events because their fantasy makes them feel happy.
The emphasis on individualism in the early nineteenth century is reflected in Romantic poetry philosophy. All Romantic poets felt that poetry should be restricted to natural matters and the poet's own experiences and feelings. They also believed that poetry could improve people's lives by making them feel more passionate about life and love.
According to John Keats, one of the most important Romantic poets, "great poetry is as necessary to human life as food and drink are to physical life." He also said, "a man cannot even imagine true beauty unless it moves him to utterance." This means that you can't understand true beauty until you experience it yourself or learn about it from others. It must also affect you deeply if it is going to be considered great art.
Other important Romantics such as Lord Byron, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and William Wordsworth agreed with Keats that great poetry can make us feel more passionate about life and love. However, they also believed that poetry should touch on many other topics besides nature and the poet's own personal experience. For example, Byron believed that great poetry should have some kind of message or instruction for readers. Coleridge thought that poems should help us understand different ideas through language while Wordsworth wanted his poems to show how beautiful and important things in life are.