Function The primary text is introduced to the readers in the introduction. A Literature Review reviews existing research in the chosen study field critically and finds research gaps. It outlines future directions for research.
Scope The literature review should be limited to published works in English. Foreign language articles and unpublished work (such as doctoral dissertations) can't be included. Reviews of the history of science or philosophy are not considered appropriate for publication in an academic journal. Manuscripts that attempt to combine these types of topics within a single article will not be accepted for publication.
Methods In addition to a comprehensive literature search, good literature reviews include a summary of previous research findings, suggestions for future studies, and discussion of limitations of the available evidence.
Results & Discussion The results section reports which studies were found to be relevant to your question. These studies are then summarized in a table. For each study that is summarized, the reader is given information about the author(s), year published, place of publication, subject area, key words, methodology, sample size, statistical tests used, main findings, conclusions drawn by the authors, and what this means for future research.
Discussion The discussion section highlights important issues raised by the reviewed studies that may have been missed by the authors of those studies.
A literature review's objective is to (1) establish a foundation of information on a topic. To avoid repetition and to give credit to other academics, identify areas of earlier scholarship. Identify inconsistencies: gaps in research, disagreements in earlier studies, and unanswered issues left by past study. (2) Present this foundation of information in a coherent manner.
Reviewing the literature is an essential component in understanding our world and making informed decisions about it. The scientific method depends upon researchers questioning existing knowledge and conducting new experiments or analyses - something that can only be done with data from other researchers or studies. By reviewing what others have already written on a subject, we can more effectively analyze the results of our own work or investigations, while identifying gaps in our knowledge and potential avenues for future research.
Review articles provide an overview of the topics within their fields of interest. They usually start with a brief explanation of why the topic is important and relevant today. This is followed by an identification of previous studies conducted on the topic. The article then discusses the findings of these studies in detail, including any discrepancies that may exist between them. Finally, the article concludes with a summary of the main points made and suggestions for future research.
Literature reviews are useful tools for scientists to understand the current state of knowledge on a topic. They can help researchers determine how well studied a topic is and identify possible research directions.
The literature discussed in the beginning should include the following:
A literature review is a scientific publication that offers current knowledge on a certain issue, including substantive discoveries as well as theoretical and methodological contributions. In such cases, the review normally comes before the work's methods and outcomes sections. As a special type of literature review, meta-analysis combines results from several studies to reach a conclusion about the overall effect of an intervention or exposure on a phenomenon.
In research papers, the literature review often serves as a framework for discussing what is known and what remains unknown about a topic. The literature review may also point out gaps in our knowledge that need to be filled with new research projects. Finally, it may provide evidence that supports a particular position or argument made in the paper.
Literature reviews are important tools for researchers to understand the current state of knowledge on a topic and to guide them in their own research efforts. They can also be useful for practitioners who want to know which studies have been done on their issue and how they were carried out. In addition to providing information about what has been discovered so far, literature reviews may reveal issues or questions about which there is no clear consensus in the research community. These gaps in knowledge indicate areas where additional research is needed.
In research papers, the literature review usually comes before the work's methods and outcomes sections.
Synthesis An integrative literature review is a type of study in which representative literature on a topic is reviewed, critiqued, and synthesized in an integrated manner in order to produce new frameworks and perspectives on the issue. The goal is not to determine whether any one study is accurate or not but to identify patterns across studies that may not be apparent when examining individual articles.
Integrative reviews are useful for summarizing large bodies of literature on a subject matter that has not been thoroughly explored before. They provide a comprehensive view of the literature that cannot be achieved by studying single papers in isolation. The main advantage of an integrative review is that it allows the researcher to see relationships between studies that might not be obvious from reading each one separately.
Integrative review methodology should not be confused with meta-analysis, which examines the strength of evidence in quantitative research studies. In an integrative review, the aim is not to quantify the results of the included studies but to present a comprehensive picture of the topic.
Often times when conducting research there are certain gaps in knowledge about a particular topic. For example, you may want to know what studies have been done on the relationship between X and Y, but can't find any published articles on this topic.
Choosing the Literature
Another key aspect of the proposal is the literature review, which is produced to demonstrate that you have conducted appropriate preliminary research. While the context and issue statement are always included in the introduction section, the literature might be written separately. It is important to identify and select relevant studies for inclusion in the review. You should not include any studies that are not relevant to the topic or question being addressed by the proposal. Also, avoid including studies that are too recent or outdated. Finally, evidence from primary sources is generally considered to be more reliable and valid than evidence from secondary sources.
In addition to identifying relevant studies, the literature review must also evaluate the quality of the evidence found. This evaluation should be done for each study included in the review. There are several criteria that can be used to assess study quality, such as how well the study controls for confounding factors, whether the sample size was large enough to be representative, and whether there were any indications that data collection methods were biased.
After evaluating the quality of the studies, the reviewer should discuss the findings from each one and come up with conclusions based on the overall body of evidence. These conclusions can then be used to answer the questions raised by the context and issue statement.
A research project cannot be performed without first determining what information needs to be collected.