When writing a literature review, you will frequently be asked to utilize the third person, thus words like "this paper argues" or "this paper believes that..." are permissible. In some circumstances, the first person is appropriate, and you can use sentences like "I argue" or "I offer." However, as with any other aspect of academic writing, it is best to avoid using first person throughout.
The main advantage of writing in the third person is that it avoids personal bias. If you were to write about your own research then your opinions would inevitably seep into the text, which would make it difficult for others to evaluate objectively. However, this is not always the case - sometimes authors find it useful to explain aspects of their work in more detail or include examples from their own experience. In these situations, using first person is perfectly acceptable.
Finally, if you wish to highlight specific details from other papers, you can do so by referring to them by name (e.g., "According to Smith, Jones, and Green, X, anyone who disagrees must be wrong"). However, it is better to summarize the relevant points rather than repeat them word-for-word. This is because others may have different names for things (e.g., "Smith, Jones, and Green called what I was doing X", rather than "I follow what Smith, Jones, and Green call X").
The original sample gives a personal viewpoint on climate change with no supporting evidence. Academic articles often use the third-person point of view because it provides a more objective presentation of information.
The author's point of view is defined as writing in the first, second, or third person. When we write, we have a propensity to personalize it by writing in the first person. When writing personal information, a journal, or a novel, this is allowed. It is, nevertheless, uncommon in scholarly writing. The common practice is to use the third person when referring to events that may be experienced differently by different people, such as "John saw Mary" instead of "I saw John with Mary."
First person refers to one thing as "it" or "this". Second person refers to one person talking to another. Third person refers to something being said about someone else. For example, "The book is about science fiction writers who built their careers before the age of technology." "Science fiction writers build their careers before the age of technology" would be two separate sentences if they were not in third person.
In academic writing, especially in philosophy, political science, and psychology where authors often review previous work or present new analyses or theories, using first person can be quite useful because it allows them to explain certain concepts or ideas that might otherwise seem abstract. For example, "Cognitive behavior therapy is a popular treatment for depression, but it can be difficult to understand exactly how it works." "Examining how cognitive behavior therapy treats depression should help clinicians develop more effective treatments for their patients."
According to APA, "when detailing your research stages ("I studied...") and referring to yourself and your co-authors, you can utilize the first-person point of view" ("We examined the literature [...]). Instead of anthropomorphizing the task, explain research stages in the first person. For example: "I studied how scientists decide what experiments to perform," or "We determined that scientists prefer test subjects with blond hair.
The third person is used when describing the research of others or when giving an overview of a topic. Use third-person language when discussing work that is not related to you or your team's efforts. For example: "Other researchers have also found that scientists prefer blond test subjects," or "Studies show that scientists prefer blond test subjects because they think it makes results look better."
First person is most appropriate when writing about your own experience or observation. For example: "I studied how scientists decide what experiments to perform. I found that they look at previous work done on the subject and then choose an experiment to run."
In general, using the first-person point of view in abstracts, introductions, debates, and conclusions is permissible in several publications. Even so, avoid using the word "I" in these areas. Instead, refer to the group of researchers that participated in the study as "we." Or better yet, change the phrase altogether and use other ways to show your work was not done by a single person.
The first person can be useful when you are talking about your own experience. For example, "We observed that people like receiving gifts after Christmas." The first person can also be appropriate when you are referring to more than one author. For example, "Studies have shown that giving students time off for vacation helps them regain their focus on schoolwork."
However, use of the first person can be problematic if it is all you use. For example, "As studies have shown, people like receiving gifts after Christmas." This sentence uses the first person too often and does not give enough information for the reader to understand what studies have been done. The writer could have said "Several studies have shown that people like receiving gifts after Christmas..." or even better, "Research has shown that giving students time off for vacation helps them regain their focus on schoolwork."
Using the first person too frequently can make your paper seem unprofessional and incomplete. Therefore, use it only when necessary.