Both Chinese and Japanese are written vertically from right to left, although they are also frequently written horizontally from left to right. These writings are called "vertical scripts" or "written directions."
Chinese characters are formed by combining strokes with different shapes and lengths. They are said to be "made up of components" which can be separated from one another. Written Chinese uses the punctuation marks at the end of sentences to indicate where each component begins and ends.
The traditional view is that Chinese is not written forward but rather backward, as in Latin. This belief comes from two sources: first, there are similarities between Chinese characters and those of other languages such as Arabic or Hebrew; second, early European scholars assumed that Chinese must be written this way because it was a foreign language.
However, modern scholars believe that these comparisons are merely superficial and that there is no evidence that Chinese is inherited from a language other than itself. Instead, they argue that Chinese characters are best understood as products of evolutionary processes shaped by practical needs. As such, they should not be viewed as belonging to any specific class (such as alphabets) but rather as analogous to objects found in nature (for example, plants or animals) that happen to use pictographs as their representation system.
Chinese, Japanese, and Korean are traditionally written vertically in columns from top to bottom and arranged from right to left, with each new column beginning to the left of the previous one. However, modern Chinese writing is generally read horizontally from left to right, like English.
In addition, there is a horizontal script used for characters that cannot be rendered vertically, such as the characters used in scientific journals and books. This script is called "Hankyu" by native speakers because it was developed by the Hankyu railroad company.
Finally, there is an optional vertical script used mainly for symbols that have no corresponding letter in the Horizontal Script, such as those used in coins and stamps. This script is called "Bopomofo" because it was developed in the 10th century by an Indian monk named Bopomofo.
Almost all Chinese characters can be represented using either the Horizontal or Vertical Script, but not both at the same time. For example, the character for "doctor" can be found in both the Horizontal and Vertical Scripts, while the character for "mouse" can only be found in the Horizontal Script.
The traditional explanation for why Chinese writing is left to right is that it has something to do with how Chinese words are formed.
Because Chinese, Japanese, and Korean scripts are made up of disconnected logographic or syllabic units that each occupy a square block of space, they can be oriented along either axis, allowing for flexibility in which direction texts can be written, whether horizontally from left-to-right, horizontally from right-to-left, or horizontally from right-to-left. Vertical writing is more efficient when printing large volumes of material since there's less waste of paper when pages are turned.
Chinese characters are composed of strokes that are usually simple lines or loops drawn from top to bottom or left to right. The number of possible strokes per character varies depending on the script but generally ranges from about five to over one hundred. Since all characters are made up of identical components that can be combined in any way to form words or phrases, they can be used as symbols for spelling out names, words, or messages in different languages even if the characters are not familiar to the reader. For example, an English-speaking person could learn how to read Russian by learning the alphabet. Once this initial step has been taken, the reader would know how to pronounce any Russian name or word that uses these letters.
Since Chinese characters are designed to represent ideas rather than specific objects, they're useful for spelling out names or messages in different languages.
When there isn't enough space to write vertically or when it's in a title, Chinese is traditionally written horizontally from right to left. In addition, Muslims have been writing Chinese in books horizontally, right-to-left, since ancient times.
Chinese characters, Japanese kana, and Korean hangul can be written in either horizontal or vertical directions. Arabic numerals are more commonly used in horizontal writing, whilst Chinese numbers are more commonly used in vertical lettering.
In the West, China-centric scripts such as Chinese character and Japanese kanji are mostly written vertically, with the exception of a few documents written in Chinese character that are meant for modern readers who are used to seeing them written horizontally (for example, some older American textbooks). In Japan, kana are usually written vertically, but sometimes they are written horizontally for aesthetic purposes or when using smaller typefaces.
In both China and Japan, people often write in cursive instead of printing characters. This is especially common among students learning to write.
In the United States, Latin letters are commonly used for words that come from other languages, such as English or Spanish. For example, words like "University" are normally written in Latin alphabet rather than in Chinese character set. However, in formal contexts, such as books or journals, Chinese characters may also be used for these words. Also, some words from other languages are occasionally found in texts in phonetic transcription using pinyin or Wade-Giles romanization.
In conclusion, yes, you can write Chinese horizontally.
Directions must be written in English, Mainland Chinese, and Taiwanese. English is always written from left to right, but Chinese in Mainland China is mostly written from left to right, with certain texts still written from top to bottom. In Taiwan, Chinese is usually written from top to bottom.
All characters in both directions are divided into four parts: top, middle, bottom, and corner. The top part of the character is above the middle line, and the bottom part of the character is below the middle line. The corner parts of the character touch the middle line.
Top: The top part of the character is used for large characters or words. It can also be used for figures of speech such as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. Middle: The middle part of the character is used for ordinary words. Bottom: The bottom part of the character is used for numbers, dates, and some other mathematical concepts.
Corner types include plain corner, radical corner, phonetic corner, and determinative corner. A plain corner character has no special meaning by itself. However, if combined with other characters, it may have new meanings not found in individual characters. A radical corner character shows its component parts rather than representing the whole word.