In her work "Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor," Elizabeth Young investigates the racial connotations of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" in American society. Young contends that from the novel's publication in 1818, the monster has acted as a metaphor for race relations in the United States, and he investigates this claim.
Young begins by explaining that the word "metaphor" comes from two Greek words meaning "to transfer" and "to set up a comparison." A metaphor is any statement that expresses a relationship between two things that are not exactly the same but have some connection with each other. For example, when someone says, "Frankenstein is a metaphor for human nature," they are comparing humanity to a monster. Human nature is like the monster in that it is both good and bad; therefore, humanity is like the monster in that it is neither good nor bad.
Metaphors can be used to explain how people think and feel, such as "rage is the result of anger being expressed." They can also be used to describe real-life situations, such as "the battle of Athens vs. Sparta" or "the war between David and Goliath".
In literature, metaphors allow authors to express complex ideas in a simple way for readers who may not fully understand these ideas. For example, Shakespeare uses comparisons such as "rose vs. violets" to explain why Romeo and Juliet should not marry.
Victor Frankenstein, in Mary Shelley's 1818 book Frankenstein, murdered his female creation to prevent the birth of a "race of demons." This is one of many reasons why this novel is considered horror fiction.
Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein after she experienced severe pain during her own pregnancy and believed that it was caused by a demon inside her. In order to save her own life, she decided to write a story about a man who created a humanoid creature but ended up destroying it.
Frankenstein tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a scientist who wants to improve upon human nature by creating a new species - he calls them "monsters"'. Using dead bodies as a source of material, Victor builds his creature fully aware of what he is doing. When his creation begins to move on its own, Victor decides to kill it so that it cannot hurt anyone else.
This is where the story takes a dark turn: Victor discovers that killing his creation will not stop it from coming back to life. Frightened, he throws the body into the ocean but it resurfaces later washed up on shore. Knowing that he can't escape from what he has done, Victor commits suicide.
Population ecologists feel Dr. Frankenstein's actions were justified over 200 years later. In 2015, scientists created the first fully functional human-animal hybrid embryos using pigs' cells and mice DNA. They ended up dying before they could be implanted into women's uteruses.
In real life, Victor Frankenstein killed his creation by asphyxiation after she had been severely burned during an experiment gone wrong. The rest of her body was then buried in ice-cold water to preserve it until science could learn how to revive the dead.
Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein after visiting her friend William Godwin and his daughter Jane. Godwin was an important figure in the development of Romanticism and one of the first philosophers to propose a theory of evolution by natural selection. Mary Shelley was working on another novel called The Last Man when she experienced some trouble writing her own story. She said copying things out of a dictionary helped her come up with new words for her own work.
Frankenstein became one of the first novels ever written about science fiction and has been cited as an influence on writers as different as H.G. Wells and Stephen King.
Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein portrays the narrative of a scientist who creates a monster and examines themes of life, death, and man vs nature. The story was written as a cautionary tale about the dangers of playing with fire.
Shelley wrote Frankenstein in 1816 when she was 22 years old. The book was an immediate success and has never been out of print since it first appeared.
In 1990 a movie was made based on the novel. It was not written by Mary Shelley but instead her husband William Godwin wrote the screenplay and directed the film. The movie changed some details of the story but otherwise it follows the original very closely. It is worth mentioning that the character of Victor Frankenstein is not in the book nor the movie.
After the success of the movie came another popular series called Game of Thrones. This one takes place in the same world but uses different characters. Books have been published for both series.
Frankenstein has also been used as an excuse to sell books. In 1933 a novel called I, Monster! was published. It was written by Walter Bagehot and told from the point of view of a doctor who creates a monster to prove that men are capable of cruelty.
Mary Shelley wrote the fascinating narrative of Frankenstein in 1817 and 1818. The religious setting of these years appears to have had a significant impact on the author in many ways. Indeed, the 18th and 19th centuries saw a decline in Christian beliefs and the reliability of the Bible. In this dark period, people turned away from God and began to create their own gods. Mary Shelley was born into this world of disbelief. Her father was a devout Catholic, but her mother was only baptised when she married him.
Both parents were good Christians, but they allowed Mary to grow up without any religion. She was taught by private tutors instead and when she came of age, she refused to be married. Instead, she lived with her older brother William until his death in 1816. After that, Mary was left alone in Geneva, where she spent most of her time writing.
She started writing poems at an early age and eventually decided to turn them into stories. One of her works was called "The Story of Eloise", which was later published under the name of Frankenstein after its main character. This novel was very successful and helped Mary gain recognition as a writer. It also made her famous all over Europe.