"I am the darker brother" (metaphor): the speaker identifies as a black American citizen. In his poem "I, Too, Sing America," Langston Hughes uses an extended metaphor, repetition, contrast, and structure to express the themes of injustice, racial prejudice, and hope. The first two lines describe Hughes's relationship to white people: he is their "darker brother," born into slavery in Virginia and raised in the South. Although he is given an education, it is not equal to that afforded white students; instead, it focuses on literature and art, topics generally ignored by most owners of slave plantations. The third line expresses Hughes's desire to one day see justice done for both blacks and whites.
Hughes uses analogy to explain this concept. An analogy is a comparison that is made between two things that are different but have some connection with each other. For example, when someone says they are like "the father of the bride" they are comparing themselves to another man who has been married before. It is a metaphorical statement because fathers and marriages are different from women and weddings.
Langston Hughes was well aware of the metaphors used in his poetry, so he would have recognized this aspect of his work. However, since this is not explicitly stated, we can assume that he intended the dark theme connecting him to other blacks and racism against whites to be clear.
Was Hughes being ironic? Yes, he was.
It indicates that African Americans, like white Americans, are citizens and should be treated equally. "I am the darker brother," says the opening line of the second verse, implying that he may be African American, but he is still an American. "They sent me to dine in the kitchen," the next five meters say. The first black president of the United States is now being honored with a major museum exhibit.
The concept of "the darker brother" comes from Frederick Douglass.
"I, Toospeaker "'s is a black man. He refers to himself as the "darker brother" in line 2. If taken literally, this implies that he is a member of a family, one that includes individuals who are not as dark as he is. However, it can also be interpreted more broadly, such as having racial equality as its goal. Either way, this term makes me think about discrimination and its effects on families, particularly black families.
In the poem, the narrator describes how his family is affected by slavery. He says that they lose their land and then their freedom because of it. This means that they were forced to work for someone else, which is why there is no longer a plantation near their home. The narrator also mentions that his family doesn't speak of their past suffering very often; instead, they focus on their future.
Slavery has had an impact on many families across the United States. It has caused some people to have fewer rights, while others have made money off of it. In addition, it has left its mark on specific places - especially rural areas where there were once lots of plantations.
The poem captures these effects perfectly! It starts with a description of the landscape around the family's home, which indicates that it is now free from slavery.
Langston Hughes constructs a major metaphor surrounding a dream in the poem "Harlem" by linking a dream to many images of death and devastation in order to inquire what happens to a "dream postponed," or a desire that has been delayed in fulfillment. The dream at the center of the poem is one that many blacks in Harlem had come to regard as a reality: that their racial discrimination would end, and they could live out their lives in peace and prosperity.
Hughes uses images of death and destruction to illustrate how a delay in fulfilling a dream can lead to its abandonment. He asks what becomes of dreams upon which we have settled down every day of our lives? What of those nights when we toss and turn in our beds with thoughts of glory and success floating through our minds? Hughes answers these questions by comparing dreams to birds: "Sometimes they're prisoners waiting for food/ Or maybe just looking for a place to roost." Because birds are free to go wherever they want, this line implies that dreams are free to pursue their desires just like birds are. However, like birds who sometimes fly away from home in search of better opportunities, dreams may also wander off into distant lands where they cannot be pursued.
Finally, Hughes compares dreams to trees in their ability to grow despite persecution from wind, ice, and fire. Since trees can survive such attacks, so can dreams, even if they are not fulfilled right away.